Chirchik(chĭrchēk`), city (1989 pop. 156,654), suburb of Tashkent, E Uzbekistan. It is an industrial center with large fertilizer plants and machinery factories. There is a chain of hydroelectric stations on the Chirchik River. The city was founded in 1932 on the site of the village of Kirgiz-Kulak.
a city under oblast jurisdiction in Tashkent Oblast, Uzbek SSR. Situated in the valley of the Chirchik River (a tributary of the Syr Darya), between spurs of the Karzhantau and Chatkal ranges. Railroad station 32 km northeast of Tashkent. Population, 131,000 (1977; 15,000 in 1939).
Chirchik was formed in 1935 from several workers’ settlements that had grown up in connection with the construction of the Chirchik Hydroelectric Power System and an electrochemical combine. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, Chirchik became a center for machine building. The Chirchiksel’mash and Uzbekkhimmash plants, as well as a transformer plant, were outfitted with equipment from evacuated factories. The Uzbek Refractory and Heat-resistant Metals Combine and enterprises of the construction industry are in operation in Chirchik. Light industry and the food industry are represented by footwear and garment factories and a meat-packing plant. Chirchik has an evening department of the Tashkent Polytechnic Institute, an industrial technicum, and a medical school, as well as a museum of local lore.
Chirchik has a rectangular street plan, wide main streets, and standardized apartment houses. Master plans were drawn up between 1933 and 1936 by Gidrostroiproekt, Moscow (architects G. M. Orlov, M. I. Tarakanov, and V. A. Lavrov, with V. A. Vesnin as consultant), and in 1964 by Uzgosproekt (chief architect P. A. Duda-Dudinskii).
REFERENCESIakubov, F., and T. Salimov. Chirchik. Tashkent. 1970.
Zukhritdinov, Sh. Gorod komsomol’skoislavy. Tashkent, 1971.
Kadyrova, T. F. “Arkhitektura sotsialisticheskogo Chirchika.” Nauchnye raboty i soobshcheniia AN Uzbekskoi SSR: Otdelenie obshchestv. nauk, 1963, book 6.
a river in Tashkent Oblast, Uzbek SSR; a right tributary of the Syr Darya.
The Chirchik is 155 km long and drains an area of 14,900 sq km. It is formed by the confluence of the Chatkal and Pskem rivers. Its upper course flows for approximately 30 km through a canyon; farther downstream the valley widens and becomes less clearly delineated. The river is fed by mixed sources, with snow predominating. The mean flow rate at its source is 221 cu m per sec. There is some ice on the river between November and March.
The Chervak Hydroelectric Power Plant is situated on the upper course of the Chirchik. Upstream from the Gazalkent Dam, water is diverted at an average rate of 183 cu m per sec via the right upstream diversion canal into the Chirchik-Bozsu Hydroelectric System. Upstream from the Troitsk Dam, the Karasu Canal branches off to the left with a mean flow rate of 47 cu m per sec. Farther downstream the Chirchik feeds other canals.
The cities of Gazalkent, Chirchik, and Tashkent are situated in the valley of the Chirchik.