Chiru


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Related to Chiru: Tibetan antelope

antelope

antelope, name applied to any of a large number of hoofed, ruminant mammals of the cattle family (Bovidae), which also includes the bison, buffalo, sheep, and goats. Found in Africa and Eurasia, they range in size from pygmy antelopes, 12 in. (30 cm) high at the shoulder, to the giant eland, with a shoulder height of over 6 ft (180 cm). Most types stand 3 to 4 ft (90–120 cm) high. The horns of antelopes, unlike the antlers of deer, are unbranched, consist of a chitinous shell with a bony core, and are not shed. Africa is the home of most antelopes.

The spiral-horned antelopes are the bushbucks (including the nyalas and the sitatunga), kudus, bongo, and more distantly related eland. These oxlike animals have patterns of light and dark stripes on the body, and most have them on the face as well. The duikers are a group of small, straight-horned antelopes of forest and thick brush country. Marsh antelopes are deerlike animals of marshes and reedbeds; they include the waterbuck, kob, puka, lechwe, and reedbuck.

The gnu (or wildebeest) and the closely related hartebeest and damalisks are horselike antelopes of the grasslands. The name oryx is applied to smaller horselike animals of the desert and scrublands, including the gemsbok and the beisa; the addax is a related desert antelope. The sable antelope and the closely related roan antelope have enormous, backward-curved, scimitar-shaped horns. The term gazelle has been used for a number of small, delicate antelopes with spreading horns, inhabiting deserts and grassy plains, such as the pale brown impala, the antelope best known from motion pictures; the impala is now classified in a different subfamily. True gazelles belong to the genera Gazella, Eudorcas, and Nanger. Antelopes related to the gazelles as well as the gerenuk, dibatag, springbok, and blackbuck. The blackbuck, found in India, was the first antelope to be described by zoologists, and has the generic name Antilope.

The delicate pygmy antelopes include the royal antelope, beira, klipspringer, oribi, grysbok, steenbok, dik-dik, and suni. Males have tiny, straight horns. The nilgai and the four-horned antelope are found in SE Asia. Other antelopes include the saiga of central Asia, which has an enlarged nasal structure, and the chiru, or Tibetan antelope. The North American pronghorn is sometimes called an antelope, but it belongs to a separate family (Antilocapridae) more closely related to the giraffe.

Antelopes are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chiru

 

(Pantholops hodgsoni), also the orongo, an artiodactylous mammal of the family Cavicornia. The chiru is about 80 cm high at the shoulder and weighs 40–50 kg. The back is grayish brown, and the abdomen white; in males, the head and front legs are dark. The nose is quite broad. The horns, carried only by the males, are up to 70 cm long, slightly curved, and almost vertical. The ears are short and pointed, and the tail is short. Chirus inhabit alpine regions in Tibet and Ladakh. They usually live in groups of four or five individuals. The mammals feed on grass. Chirus mate in November or December; the young are born in May or June.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
There were some mergers, splits and fusions on the political scene, but the five large actors have been the ones dominating the political game for the past 27 years (Gherghina and Chiru, 2014) (5).
Systematic research on chiru started during the late 1980s, and including studies on behaviour, foraging, and population status, among many other topics (Miller & Schaller 1996, Schaller 1998).
The only difficulty is that sometimes I face vocal strain due to intense singing and teaching in school." While on the job Chiru helps many young aspiring singers and musicians, and in the the cultural Tamchon
Stroia, A., Chiru, C., (2010) Traditionalism and Functionality in the Romanian Cuisine, Quality-Access to Success, Year 11, Vol.
Fax 49-641-99-199-60; e-mail Jan.Hirsch@ chiru.med.uni-giessen.de.
Shahtoosh, the wool from the rare chiru, a Tibetan antelope, is another favourite among traders.
Shahtoosh scarves are made from the fine fur of the Tibetan chiru, whose population has been decimated by poachers feeding the shahtoosh trade Justin Lowe of Earth Island's Tibetan Plateau Project called the fine, the largest such penalty to date, "encouraging news, because it demonstrates that shahtoosh dealers are becoming aware of the potential liability that they face." Maxfield Enterprises has also agreed to pay for a series of public service ads in Vanity Fair and/or Harper's Bazaar, describing the threat the shahtoosh trade poses to the chiru.
Living up to its reputation for innovation and spectacle, Opera International brings former Moscow Bolshoi Circus star Ion Stanca and colleagues Marian Chiru and Dumitru Grosu to provide specially-devised daring set-pieces during the Moldovan company's productions of Puccini's La Boheme and Leoncavallo's Pagliacci.
Last month, another member of the gang Ravi alias Chiru was arrested by the Special Cell while he was on a recce ahead of his gang's plan to eliminate a rival.
These shawls are made of Tibetan Antelope's fur also known as Chiru.