Chisholm Trail

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Chisholm Trail,

route over which vast herds of cattle were driven from Texas to the railheads in Kansas after the Civil War. Its name is generally believed to come from Jesse Chisholm, a part-Cherokee trader who, in the spring of 1866, drove his wagon, heavily loaded with buffalo hides, through the Indian TerritoryIndian Territory,
in U.S. history, name applied to the country set aside for Native Americans by the Indian Intercourse Act (1834). In the 1820s, the federal government began moving the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, and Chickasaw) of the Southeast to
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 that is now Oklahoma to his trading post near Wichita, Kans., the wheels cutting deep ruts in the prairie. These marked a route followed for almost two decades by traders and by drovers bringing cattle to shipping points and markets in Kansas. Hundreds of thousands of Texas longhorns were driven north annually, following the Eastern and Western trails in Texas to the Chisholm Trail, which became celebrated in frontier lore and cowboy ballads. With the development of railroads and the introduction of wire fencing, the trail fell into disuse, although traces of it can still be seen.


See studies by W. Gard (1954) and B. J. Fletcher (1968).

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Chisholm Trail

route used by traders and drovers bringing cattle from Texas to Kansas. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 543]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Chisholm Trail Prospect is operated by Ward Petroleum Corp.
The great cattle drives lasted barely two decades, and less than a decade on the Chisholm Trail, but they remain central to Western lore.
The arrival of barbed-wire fences, which blocked off long stretches of the Chisholm Trail, helped seal the longhorns' demise.
Life on the Old Chisholm Trail is good, not only for frugal diners but also for bowhunters looking for big whitetails.
The city has created a community park for residents to enjoy, as well as a pedestrian and bike path that educates users about the Chisholm Trail, which cowboys once used to drive cattle through the city.
* Joshua's Journey: A Black Cowboy Rides the Chisholm Trail, Exhibit based on the children's book, The Journal of Joshua Loper, the story of a 16-year-old Black cowboy.
The Lomax home was near a branch of the old Chisholm Trail, "the cattle route that extended from Texas to Montana," where the singing of cowboys was often heard.
Title of the Work of Art: The Chisholm Trail Cattle Drive
Touch International, Inc., One Chisholm Trail, Ste.
The Chisholm Trail, with wagon tracks still plainly visible from the air, is close by.
When Howard Hawks brought Borden Chase's novel The Chisholm Trail to the silver screen, he cast John Wayne in one of the Duke's few antihero roles and offered a dark study of courage stripped of justice or decency.
In Get Along Little Dogies: The Chisholm Trail Diary of Hallie Lou Wells, fifth-generation Texan Lisa Waller Rogers re-creates late 19th-century life in the Lone Star State for middle-school readers.