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(kē'shənou`), formerly


(kĭsh`ənĕf'), city (1996 est. pop. 735,229), capital of Moldova, on the Byk River, a tributary of the Dniester. Major industries include food and tobacco processing, the assembly of consumer and electrical goods, and the manufacture of building materials, machinery, plastics, rubber, and textiles. Founded in the early 15th cent. as a monastery town, Chişinău was taken in the 16th cent. by the Turks and in 1812 by the Russians, who made it the center of Bessarabia. Romania held the city from 1918 to 1940, when it was seized by the USSR. The Jewish population, which formerly constituted about 40% of the total, was largely exterminated in World War II. Chişinău's educational and cultural facilities include a university (1945) and the Academy of Sciences of Moldova.


See E. H. Judge, Easter in Kishinev: Anatomy of a Pogrom (1992).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The flight will depart Chisinau at 20:45, arriving at London Southend at 21:50 hours.
In close coordination with other agencies in Embassy Chisinau, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) oversees numerous programs targeting poverty and corruption.
8--the permission is given to bring to light, (to publish), starting from 1908, through the Counceil of the Orthodox Brotherhood of the Nativity of Christ from Chisinau--the religious journal "Luminatorul"--in the Moldovan language (11)." Besides preaching Christian moral teachings, "it will show, for Moldovan people, documents related to the history of the ecclesiastical life of the Diocese of Chisinau" (12), but without any involvement of politics: "According to its program, "Luminatorul" will follow only enlightening /teaching religious purposes, and will be separated of any sort of political themes." (13)
The "Bishkek - Chisinau - Saint Petersburg - Bishkek" travel costs of the Kyrgyz delegation were paid by Atambayev himself.
In Chisinau, Kerry will meet with senior Moldovan officials to discuss bilateral issues, as well as Moldova's path toward European integration, it said.
on 11-12 June and the joint steps of Yerevan and Chisinau in that process.
The accompanying Chisinau National Philharmonic was technically precise and captured the Spanish flair of the music.
* Roy Hodgson during a training session at the Zimbru Stadium in Chisinau
City's latest Europa League opponents play at the 10,500 capacity Zimbru Stadium which is shared with FC Dacia Chisinau, who won their first Divizia Nationala title in 2010/11.
The Daihinia project was started in the summer of 2006 by Vitalie Vrabie, based in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova.
BANKING AND CREDIT NEWS-November 22, 2011--BCR Chisinau to boost share capital to EUR39.5m(C)2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS
M2 EQUITYBITES-November 22, 2011--BCR Chisinau to boost share capital to EUR39.5m(C)2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS