theorbo

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Related to Chitarrone: Archlute, gittern

theorbo

(thēôr`bō), large lutelute,
musical instrument that has a half-pear-shaped body, a fretted neck, and a variable number of strings, which are plucked with the fingers. The long lute, with its neck much longer than its body, seems to have been older than the short lute, existing very early in the
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 of the baroque period. It had an extra set of bass strings, not stopped on a fingerboard as the regular set are but plucked as open strings. These made it more suitable for playing baroque music than was the lute. It originated in the late 16th cent. and survived until the end of the 18th cent. Its name was also spelled theorbe, theorboe, or tiorba.

Theorbo

 

a plucked musical instrument; a bass lute. Theorbos vary in the number of strings provided; in the 18th century, 12 paired and two single strings were used. The theorbo was used from the 16th to the 18th century to accompany vocal performances and as the bass instrument in ensembles.

References in periodicals archive ?
Poppea at the San Francisco Opera required amplification for the harpsichords, baroque harp, lute, chitarrone, theorbo, wooden flutes, piccolo trumpets and sackbuts vigorously led by Patrick Summers, but this represented the company's boldest step yet into authenticity.
He has introduced Scottish lute music to a wider audience, demonstrated the beauty of the Italian repertoire for the chitarrone (bass lute) and has recorded chamber pieces by Vivaldi, Haydn and Boccherini on period instruments.
Everything in this extravagance of riches flowed seamlessly, musicians altering their stage-positions between offerings to improvised voluntaries on chamber-organ and chitarrone.
Sonate a 1, 2, 3, per il violino, o cornetto, fagotto, chitarrone, violoncino, o simils altro strumento (1641).
Among them were Jacopo Peri, Luca Marenzio (for only about a year), Cosimo Bottegari, Giovanni Battista Jacomelli, Antonio Archilei, Vittoria Archilei, Antonio Naldi (known as "Bardella," inventor of the chitarrone or theorbo), Giovanni and Jacopo del Franciosino, and Francesca Caccini.