Chlamydomonas


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chlamydomonas

 

a genus of microscopic unicellular green algae of the class Volvocophyceae. Members of the genus are for the most part motile owing to the presence of two flagella on the anterior end of the body; they have two pulsating vacuoles, a red pigment-bearing corpuscle called an ocellus, and a chloroplast with a pyrenoid. The organisms reproduce by means of isogamy, heterogamy, and occasionally oogamy. The zygote produces zoospores after meiosis.

The genus embraces 300 species, 100 of which are found in the USSR. With rare exceptions they inhabit fresh water, especially polluted water.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The incorporation of ammonium into algal cells occurs through the action of the enzyme glutamine dehydrogenase and by transports of the AMT/MEP enzyme family (Raven & Giordano, 2016), which has been demonstrated in Chlamydomonas sp.
In contrast to the m6dA-associated repression of gene expression, m6dA accumulation activates the expression of genes in some organisms or in some specific tissues or developmental stages in Chlamydomonas [36] as well as early embryogenesis of zebrafish [147], fungi [52], and adult mouse brain [148].
We identified the TRP domain, shared between mammalian TRPM and TRPC as well as Caenorhabditis elegans TRPN, Danio rerio TRPN, Drosophila TRPM, TRP[gamma], and TRPL, and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii TRP1 (Venkatachalam and Montell, 2007; Latorre et al., 2009; Arias-Darraz et al., 2015a) in Lp1 and Lp2, but not in Lp3-Lp6, when aligning Lp1 and Lp2 with mammalian TRPM1-TRPM8 TRP domain sequences (Fig.
analyze small Chlamydomonas RNAs sequences available in the NCBI
Umen and his team found the oil-accumulating mutation in Chlamydomonas, called vip1-1, while investigating how two conserved signaling systems interact with one another.
(2008) Toxicity of silver nanoparticles to Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
Based on the growth pattern observed for this strain, we suggest that the cytotoxic factor may be secreted mainly at the exponential growth phase and undergoes degradation in the stationary phase, as observed for some proteins produced by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
The intravitreal injection will contain a modified virus, which will carry the genetic instructions for a light-reactive protein from the Chlamydomonas reinhardtii algae into one eye in each patient.
Lauterborn X X Spirulina major Kutzing ex X X Gomont Chlorophyceae Ankistrodesmus falcatus X X X (Corda) Ralfs Chlamydomonas reinhardtii X X P.A.
The breakthrough came two years later when scientists discovered a light-responsive protein called channelrhodopsin in a single-celled algae called Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
Specific growth rate of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Chlorella sorokiniana under medium duration light dark cycles: 13-87.