dependent peasants in feudal Poland. The term, which was originally used rather contemptuously, is used in Polish literature as a synonym for other categories of peasants in the history of Poland.

References in periodicals archive ?
latach 1948-1956 a chlopi (The politics of communist leaders in Poland
Nearly a decade later he moved to Paris, where he finished his most famous novel, Chlopi (1904-9; Eng.