Vinyl Chloride

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Related to Chloroethylene: Chloroethene, Vinyl Chloride Monomer

vinyl chloride

[′vīn·əl ′klȯr‚īd]
(organic chemistry)
CH2:CHCl A flammable, explosive gas with an ethereal aroma; soluble in alcohol and ether, slightly soluble in water; boils at -14°C; an important monomer for polyvinyl chloride and its copolymers; used in organic synthesis and in adhesives. Also known as chloroethene; chloroethylene.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vinyl Chloride

 

(CH2=CHC1), a colorless gas with a slight odor resembling that of chloroform; Tb = - 13.8° C; Tm = -153.8° C. Density at -15° C, 0.9730 g/cm3. It is poorly soluble in water but readily soluble in organic solvents. The explosive limit of vinyl chloride in air is 4-22 percent by volume. The double bond in vinyl chloride readily adds halogens, hydrogen halides, and so on:

Vinyl chloride polymerizes and copolymerizes with vinylidene chloride, vinyl acetate, and other substances. In industry it is obtained by vapor-phase (rarely liquid-phase) hydrochlorination of acetylene in the presence of HgCl2 on carbon or by dehydrochlorination of dichloroethane:

The resultant product contains not less than 99 percent vinyl chloride and does not polymerize spontaneously. Vinyl chloride is used extensively to make polyvinyl chloride and copolymers with other vinyl compounds; these are important materials that are used in the most diverse branches of industry.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a colorless gas at normal temperatures, and is also known as: chloroethene; chloroethylene; ethylene monochloride; or monochloroethylene.
For example, personal exposure to styrene, chloroform, and tetra chloroethylene (perc) were underestimated substantially more than exposure to other air pollutants in a validation study, most likely because exposures were predominantly from indoor sources (Payne-Sturges et al.
In June, the Health and Welfare Ministry warned against the use of DEHP after it was detected in some plastic toys and widely sold lunch sets prepared by workers wearing chloroethylene gloves, which contain the compound.
According to the Yamamoto group, bisphenol-A is used in making polycarbonate, a kind of plastic, and vinyl chloride, also known as chloroethylene.
2002) to chloroethylene oxide and chloracetaldehyde, metabolites that can react with DNA bases and promote mutations in bacterial and mammalian cells (Marion and Boivin-Angele 1999; Marion et al.