Chola


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Chola

(chō`lə), S Indian dynasty, whose kingdom was in what is now Tamil NaduTamil Nadu
, formerly Madras
, state (2001 provisional pop. 62,110,839), 50,180 sq mi (129,966 sq km), SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. The capital is Chennai (formerly Madras).
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. Its chief capitals were at Kanchi (Kanchipuram) and ThanjavurThanjavur
, formerly Tanjore
, city (1991 pop. 202,013), Tamil Nadu state, SE India. It is a district administrative headquarters and a rice-milling center on the Kaveri River delta, known as the "rice bowl" of Tamil Nadu.
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 (Tanjore). The Chola kingdom was one of the three of ancient Tamil tradition, but the dynasty had been virtually submerged for centuries when at the end of the 9th cent. A.D. it rose again. Under the famous rulers Rajaraja I (reigned 985–1014) and Rajendra I (reigned 1014–42) Chola power reached its zenith. The former conquered Kerala and occupied N Sri Lanka; the latter completed the conquest of Sri Lanka, invaded Bengal, and sent out a great naval expedition that occupied parts of Myanmar, Malaya, and Sumatra. For 300 years the Chola kingdom supported a flourishing social and economic life, marked by a flowering of Hindu culture. Its greatest architectural monument is an 11th-century temple at Tanjore, which was dedicated to Shiva in celebration of a military victory. By the 13th cent. the kingdom was in decline, and the dynasty ended in 1279.

Chola

 

the name of an ancient and medieval state in southern India and the dynasty that ruled the state. The capital of the state, Cholamandalam, was located in the region of Thanjavur. The state language was Tamil.

The feudal despotism of the Chola dynasty reached its height between the late tenth and early 12th centuries, when the rulers subjugated other regions of Tamil Nadu (including Panyamandalam, Tondaimandalam, and Kongumandalam) and parts of what are now Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Sri Lanka. During the same period, the economy and culture of Tamil Nadu flourished. From the 13th to 18th centuries, branches of the Chola family governed a number of small princely states in various regions of southern India.

References in periodicals archive ?
Pushparatnam's students with the name of Rajaraja Chola embossed on it clearly indicate that the temple would have been built during the Chola period.
Gopalarathnam, Managing Director, Chola MS said, "This quarter's result is a testimony to our resilience.
Police officials after confirming with the Archaeological Department said that the idol belongs to the chola period in India in the 9th century and belongs to Tamil Nadu.
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Chola MS has been awarded the Winner under the Sector - "Insurance (General)", at the Awards presentation ceremony as part of the "Global Convention on Corporate Ethics and Risk Management" held recently at Hotel InterContinental, Singapore.
From girl gang to girl band, the chola look is a favourite with stars including Selena Gomez, Gwen Stefani and Rihanna, to name but a few.
By ELISABETH HAKIM UK Co-ordinator Peru Tourism Board in Lima MORNING My perfect day in Lima would start with a Peruvian coffee from Harry Neira's Cafe and a delicious pastry from El Pan de la Chola while strolling around the Miraflores Farmers' Market.