Chola


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Chola

(chō`lə), S Indian dynasty, whose kingdom was in what is now Tamil NaduTamil Nadu
, formerly Madras
, state (2001 provisional pop. 62,110,839), 50,180 sq mi (129,966 sq km), SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. The capital is Chennai (formerly Madras).
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. Its chief capitals were at Kanchi (Kanchipuram) and ThanjavurThanjavur
, formerly Tanjore
, city (1991 pop. 202,013), Tamil Nadu state, SE India. It is a district administrative headquarters and a rice-milling center on the Kaveri River delta, known as the "rice bowl" of Tamil Nadu.
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 (Tanjore). The Chola kingdom was one of the three of ancient Tamil tradition, but the dynasty had been virtually submerged for centuries when at the end of the 9th cent. A.D. it rose again. Under the famous rulers Rajaraja I (reigned 985–1014) and Rajendra I (reigned 1014–42) Chola power reached its zenith. The former conquered Kerala and occupied N Sri Lanka; the latter completed the conquest of Sri Lanka, invaded Bengal, and sent out a great naval expedition that occupied parts of Myanmar, Malaya, and Sumatra. For 300 years the Chola kingdom supported a flourishing social and economic life, marked by a flowering of Hindu culture. Its greatest architectural monument is an 11th-century temple at Tanjore, which was dedicated to Shiva in celebration of a military victory. By the 13th cent. the kingdom was in decline, and the dynasty ended in 1279.

Chola

 

the name of an ancient and medieval state in southern India and the dynasty that ruled the state. The capital of the state, Cholamandalam, was located in the region of Thanjavur. The state language was Tamil.

The feudal despotism of the Chola dynasty reached its height between the late tenth and early 12th centuries, when the rulers subjugated other regions of Tamil Nadu (including Panyamandalam, Tondaimandalam, and Kongumandalam) and parts of what are now Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Sri Lanka. During the same period, the economy and culture of Tamil Nadu flourished. From the 13th to 18th centuries, branches of the Chola family governed a number of small princely states in various regions of southern India.

References in periodicals archive ?
"We are delighted to partner with Chola MS for bringing best-in-class non-life insurance products to our customers.
After the ruling Chola said, 'This is a landmark ruling in a landmark case that has dragged on for a long time.
TV actress-turned-pop singer Komal Rizvi, best remembered for her Bhangra rap number Bao Ji , is all set to make a musical comeback with Chitta Chola, a "wedding mash-up" of old film classics such as Main Nai Jaana Khereyan De Naal, Chan Mere Makhna, and Chitta Kukkad.
Visiting this Chola temple proved to be a good introduction to our next destination-the most important of the Great Living Chola Temples.
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Latina women love the Chola culture and style, which usually involves baggy pants and plaid shirts.
S S Gopalarathnam, MD & CEO, Chola MS General Insurance, said, 'We have augmented our capital base by issuing subordinated debt.
Las entrevistas se han complementado con observacion directa en diferentes ambitos durante 2013 y 2014, y en el seguimiento de la eleccion de la Reina de Cuenca y Chola cuencana celebradas en 2014.
During the Chola period (c.985-1267 CE), temples in South India developed from small shrines and simple places of worship into grandiose, courtly cultural establishments and religious institutions.
Three Hindu empires, namely the Pandya, Pallava, and Chola, were becoming increasingly assertive and posed a threat to Sri Lanka.
Under the 'Make in India' initiative, Bharat Immunologicals and Biologicals Corporation will produce Measles, Rubella vaccine, at its plant at Chola, Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh, India.