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Roentgenography of the bile ducts.



roentgenographic examination of the gallbladder and bile ducts after the introduction (orally or intravenously) of an iodine-containing contrast agent that is excreted with bile. The procedure is not applied in the case of pronounced jaundice. Cholangiography yields a clear picture of the anatomical structure and functioning of the gallbladder and bile ducts; it reveals the presence of calculi, or gallstones (cholelithiasis), inflammatory changes (cholecystitis or cholangitis), and disruption of the emptying mechanism of the bladder (dyskinesia).


Lindenbraten, L. D. Rentgenologicheskoe issledovanie pecheni i zhelchnykh putei. Leningrad, 1953.
Gal’perin, E. I., and I. M. Ostrovskaia. Kontrastnoe issledovanie v khirurgii zhelchnykh putei. Moscow, 1964.
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Intraoperative biliary imaging modalities, such as IOC, laparoscopic ultrasonography, dye cholangiography, or near-infrared fluorescence cholangiography, may serve as a good adjunct to recognize an aberrant bile duct or even possible BDI when uncertain.
21%), by presenting this case we wish to emphasize the importance of timely conversion and execution of intraoperative cholangiography during cholecystectomy in all cases when identification of the structures of Calot's triangle is not clear enough (12-15).
Selective intraoperative cholangiography and risk of bile duct injury during cholecystectomy.
Gamklou, "Evaluation of percutaneous cholangiography and percutaneous biliary drainage in obstructive jaundice," European Journal of Radiology, vol.
Natural history of primary sclerosing cholangitis and prognostic value of cholangiography in a Dutch population.
One week postoperatively, percutaneous cholangiography was performed via the biliary drains to confirm an intact biliary-enteric anastomosis.
Asymptomatic bile duct stones: selection criteria for intravenous cholangiography and/or endoscopic retrogradecholangiography prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
25) Radiological investigations for evaluation of IBDIS include HIDA scan, ERCP, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC), and magnetic resonance cholagniopancreatography (MRCP).
Value and consequences of routine intra operative cholangiography during laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and intra- operative cholangiography is the most preferred modality of treatment currently.
Your doctor can clinch the diagnosis with various kinds of scan, including ultrasound scanning, X-ray oral cholecystography, ERPC (an endoscopic X-ray procedure, which may also be used for treatment), or a cholangiography.
Biliary obstruction: Findings at MR Cholangiography and Cross-sectional MR Imaging.