Chola

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Chola

(chō`lə), S Indian dynasty, whose kingdom was in what is now Tamil NaduTamil Nadu
, formerly Madras
, state (2001 provisional pop. 62,110,839), 50,180 sq mi (129,966 sq km), SE India, on the Bay of Bengal. The capital is Chennai (formerly Madras).
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. Its chief capitals were at Kanchi (Kanchipuram) and ThanjavurThanjavur
, formerly Tanjore
, city (1991 pop. 202,013), Tamil Nadu state, SE India. It is a district administrative headquarters and a rice-milling center on the Kaveri River delta, known as the "rice bowl" of Tamil Nadu.
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 (Tanjore). The Chola kingdom was one of the three of ancient Tamil tradition, but the dynasty had been virtually submerged for centuries when at the end of the 9th cent. A.D. it rose again. Under the famous rulers Rajaraja I (reigned 985–1014) and Rajendra I (reigned 1014–42) Chola power reached its zenith. The former conquered Kerala and occupied N Sri Lanka; the latter completed the conquest of Sri Lanka, invaded Bengal, and sent out a great naval expedition that occupied parts of Myanmar, Malaya, and Sumatra. For 300 years the Chola kingdom supported a flourishing social and economic life, marked by a flowering of Hindu culture. Its greatest architectural monument is an 11th-century temple at Tanjore, which was dedicated to Shiva in celebration of a military victory. By the 13th cent. the kingdom was in decline, and the dynasty ended in 1279.

Chola

 

the name of an ancient and medieval state in southern India and the dynasty that ruled the state. The capital of the state, Cholamandalam, was located in the region of Thanjavur. The state language was Tamil.

The feudal despotism of the Chola dynasty reached its height between the late tenth and early 12th centuries, when the rulers subjugated other regions of Tamil Nadu (including Panyamandalam, Tondaimandalam, and Kongumandalam) and parts of what are now Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Sri Lanka. During the same period, the economy and culture of Tamil Nadu flourished. From the 13th to 18th centuries, branches of the Chola family governed a number of small princely states in various regions of southern India.

References in periodicals archive ?
Ocurria entonces que Palmenia era gusto popular, pero en esos anos lo popular era llanto de pobres, drama piojento, valsesito peruano que entonaba la cantante con voz de chola limena.
Stylistically, they are patterned after specific historical period bronzes, such as Chola or Hoysala.
Relations between contemporary China and India have been characterized by border disputes, resulting in three major military conflicts-the Sino-Indian War of 1962, the Chola incident in 1967, and the 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish.
21) These ties continued under Rajaraja and Rajendra I (1012-1044 CE), as the Cholas extended their hegemony over South India from the ninth to thirteenth centuries and dominated trade around the Bay of Bengal.
These ruthless Cholas ransacked the city of Anuradhapura and moved the capital to Polonnaruwa and the Sri Lankan rulers who came into power after the period of Chola rule, continued to use Polonnaruwa as their capital, thus ending the significance of Anuradhapura as the traditional royal capital of the Sinhala Buddhist nation since the 3rd century BCE.
The Cholas, of course, were a genuine maritime empire, following the coastline from Sri Lanka upto Bengal and on to Myanmar.
The President said India and Singapore share historic links since the times of the Cholas.
Pranab said India and Singapore share historic links since the times of the Cholas and an important chapter of India's freedom struggle was enacted in Singapore.
Prada analisa de forma instigante como o grupo de feministas anarquistas bolivianas, Mujeres Creando (22)--que se autodescrevem como cholas, chotas e birlochas (termos racistas usados em referencia a mulheres indigenas imigrantes nas cidades) e que tambem adotam outras designacoes de subjetividades abjetas (tais como puta, rechazada, desclasada, extranjera)--, dialogaram com Anzaldua ao transportar Borderlands/La Frontera (23) para um contexto de politica feminista alem dos muros da academia (onde Anzaldua havia sido inicialmente lida), estabelecendo afinidades entre os dois projetos politicos.
Este comportamiento es infrecuente en el caso de Arona y los ejemplos son contados: "Si algunas de nuestras cholas o zambas viniendo a caballo del campo se atan el sombrero, con un panuelo para que no se les vuele, llamaremos a eso barbiquejo por analogia solamente" (s.
One viewer said: "The poor thing probably only thinks us Latinos are dangerous gang members, cholas or maids.