Chola(redirected from Cholas)
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the name of an ancient and medieval state in southern India and the dynasty that ruled the state. The capital of the state, Cholamandalam, was located in the region of Thanjavur. The state language was Tamil.
The feudal despotism of the Chola dynasty reached its height between the late tenth and early 12th centuries, when the rulers subjugated other regions of Tamil Nadu (including Panyamandalam, Tondaimandalam, and Kongumandalam) and parts of what are now Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Sri Lanka. During the same period, the economy and culture of Tamil Nadu flourished. From the 13th to 18th centuries, branches of the Chola family governed a number of small princely states in various regions of southern India.