Chomolungma


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chomolungma

 

(Mount Everest), the highest mountain massif on earth, in the Himalayas, on the border of Nepal and China. Its altitude is 8,848 m. At the base it is composed of Precambrian gneiss and granite; above 7,000 m, of Mesozoic crystalline limestone and schist. Chomolungma is shaped like a pyramid, of which the southern slope is steepest. Glaciers flow from all sides of the massif, ending at an altitude of about 5,000 m. Snow and névé are not retained on the southern slope and the edges of the pyramid, which are bare as a result. On May 29, 1953, the peak of Chomolungma was reached by members of the English expedition of J. Hunt—the mountaineers Tenzing (a Sherpa, one of the native peoples of Nepal) and E. Hillary (a New Zealander).

REFERENCE

Tenzing, N. Tigr snegov. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Os santuarios de montanha das quatro elevacoes sagradas dos budistas e das cinco montanhas sagradas dos antigos chineses, cobertas com templos e mosteiros e visitadas durante o ano inteiro por bandos de peregrinos de todas as partes do pais, oferecem um exemplo excelente (17), como tambem o fazem as Montanhas Diamante na Coreia centro-nordeste (18) e, especialmente, os numerosos mosteiros tibetanos aos pes, nas encostas, e sobre os picos de montanhas tais como as Kailas, Chomolungma (Everest), ou Minya Gongkar.
Chomolungma is the Tibetan name for the world's highest peak.
Tybed hefyd a gaiff teulu pob shar-wa well iawndal gyda'r galw am well darpariaeth ar gyfer eu teuluoedd islaw mynydd Chomolungma - neu Sagarmathar - enwau am "Everest" yn iaith Tibet neu iaith Nepal.
Also known as Chomolungma (goddess of the snows in Tibetan) and Sagarmatha (mother of the universe in Nepalese) it has claimed the lives of more than 100.
In Tibet it is Chomolungma, or mother goddess of the universe.
Norgay said Everest, which Tibetans call Chomolungma for "mother goddess of the world," became angry over the pollution on its slopes left by climbers over the years.
As the British discovered once relations with Tibet were forced open in 1904, the Tibetan name for Everest was Chamolungma (or Chomolungma).
THE Nepalese call it Sagarmatha (meaning goddess of the sky).The Tibetans call it Chomolungma (mother goddess of the universe) EVEREST grows at a rate of about four millimetr es a year as the two tectonic plates of Asia and India push together.
Mae stori'r ddamwain enwog fu ar y Matterhorn yn y llyfr a hefyd yr ymgyrchoedd cynnar ar Chomolungma. Deallwn fod Cyrnol George Everest wedi cael ei eni yn sir Frycheiniog ac mae'n debyg mai "Mallory's Ridge" yw enw'r ddringfa ar grib ganolog y Garn, Drws y Coed.
It is,of course, arrogance to assume the peak had no name before the Britscame along: the Nepalese call it Sagarmatha, theTibetans Chomolungma.