Chomolungma


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Chomolungma

 

(Mount Everest), the highest mountain massif on earth, in the Himalayas, on the border of Nepal and China. Its altitude is 8,848 m. At the base it is composed of Precambrian gneiss and granite; above 7,000 m, of Mesozoic crystalline limestone and schist. Chomolungma is shaped like a pyramid, of which the southern slope is steepest. Glaciers flow from all sides of the massif, ending at an altitude of about 5,000 m. Snow and névé are not retained on the southern slope and the edges of the pyramid, which are bare as a result. On May 29, 1953, the peak of Chomolungma was reached by members of the English expedition of J. Hunt—the mountaineers Tenzing (a Sherpa, one of the native peoples of Nepal) and E. Hillary (a New Zealander).

REFERENCE

Tenzing, N. Tigr snegov. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from English.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Everest, or Chomolungma as the Tibetan people call It, was tantallsingly close to our plane.
Tybed hefyd a gaiff teulu pob shar-wa well iawndal gyda'r galw am well darpariaeth ar gyfer eu teuluoedd islaw mynydd Chomolungma - neu Sagarmathar - enwau am "Everest" yn iaith Tibet neu iaith Nepal.
Also known as Chomolungma (goddess of the snows in Tibetan) and Sagarmatha (mother of the universe in Nepalese) it has claimed the lives of more than 100.
In Tibet it is Chomolungma, or mother goddess of the universe.
Norgay said Everest, which Tibetans call Chomolungma for "mother goddess of the world," became angry over the pollution on its slopes left by climbers over the years.
The Tibetans call it Chomolungma (mother goddess of the universe) EVEREST grows at a rate of about four millimetr es a year as the two tectonic plates of Asia and India push together.
Mae stori'r ddamwain enwog fu ar y Matterhorn yn y llyfr a hefyd yr ymgyrchoedd cynnar ar Chomolungma.
It is,of course, arrogance to assume the peak had no name before the Britscame along: the Nepalese call it Sagarmatha, theTibetans Chomolungma.
As a young Tibetan, Tenzing migrated over the Nangpa La, the high snowy pass west of Cho Oyu that leads into Khumbu, the Sherpa homeland at the foot of Everest, the mountain Tibetans call Chomolungma.
Tibetans call Everest Chomolungma, while in Nepal, which also takes in part of the mountain, it is known as Sagarmatha, or Goddess of the Sky.