chondrocyte

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chondrocyte

[′kän·drō‚sīt]
(histology)
A cartilage cell.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Fortier et al, found that chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exposed to PRP showed increase in cell count along with proteoglycan and collagen type-II synthesis8.
The scaffolds were evaluated in vitro by seeding with rat nasal septum chondrocytes and did not show any cytotoxic properties.
The medium was changed as the proliferation rate of the chondrocytes was satisfying and was clearly observed in the culture.
Once the particles reach the chondrocytes, the IGF-1 molecules bind to receptors on the cell surfaces and stimulate the cells to start producing proteoglycans, the building blocks of cartilage and other connective tissues.
Generally, OA is an articular cartilage injury caused by an imbalance in the degradation and synthesis of chondrocytes, extracellular matrix, and subchondral bone.
Primary chondrocytes were harvested from full thickness cartilage of metacarpophalangeal joints of a fresh equine cadaver obtained from the local slaughterhouse (N =1, 5 years old).
Furthermore, the effect of exosomes in mediating cellular communication between stem cells and chondrocytes was also summarized in this review article.
MSCs have the ability to differentiate into chondrocytes in a nonvascularized area [5, 6].
The reserve zone (ZR) is composed of progenitor chondrocytes. These cells are crucial for the orientation of the chondrocyte columns of the contiguous zones, and therefore, fundamental in the orientation of bone growth, probably secreting a PC orientation factor (Mackie et al.).
The effects of these inflammatory mediators in articular cartilage, chondrocytes and synoviocytes have been reported.