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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also called achondroplasia), abnormal skeletal development resulting in dwarfism, with asymmetrical shortening of the extremities and a normal trunk. The inhibition of bone growth is caused by abnormal ossification in the embryonic period owing to irregular cell distribution in the growth cartilage. The disease is believed to be hereditary. The abnormal growth of the extremities is accompanied by deformation, primarily of the legs, but affected persons are often very strong and dextrous. The functioning of the musculoskeletal system deteriorates and arthrosis develops as the deformity progresses.

The treatment of chondrodystrophy is orthopedic and is aimed mainly at preventing further deformation by corrective operations and the use of specialized apparatus. The affected lower extremities may be lengthened by means of traction apparatus.


Volkov, M. V. Bolezni kostei u detei. Moscow, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Asphyxiating thoracic chondrodystrophy: association with renal disease and evidence for possile heterozygous expression.
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The decreased femoral torsion has been shown with toeing out, rickets, and chondrodystrophy. Researchers worldwide have used various methods and stated CT-Scan is most reliable method.

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