Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


(cho͝ong`chēng`) or


(cho͞ong`kĭng`), city and independent municipality (2010 pop. 28,846,170), 592 sq mi (1,534 sq km), in SE Sichuan prov., China, at the junction of the Chang and Jialing rivers. It is administered directly by the national government. The commercial center of W China, it commands a large river trade. Surrounded on three sides by water, it is situated on a rock promontory. A flourishing industrial city, it was opened for direct foreign trade in 1979. In the 1980s it became the site of an economic experiment, where factory managers were given more decision-making power and allowed to channel profits into expansion, and the early 21st cent. saw Chongqing developed as China's largest inland urban area to provide economic opportunity for the surrounding region's poorer rural inhabitants.

Chongqing's industries include a large-scale integrated iron and steel complex, oil and copper refineries, motor vehicle, munitions, computer and electronics, and biomedical products factories, cotton and silk mills, chemical and cement plants, food-processing establishments, machine shops, paper mills, and tanneries. Large coal and iron mines and a major oil field are nearby. Its many institutions of higher learning include Chongqing Univ., Chongqing Technical Univ., and a medical college. The Chongqing Library and the Chongqing Municipal Museum are important cultural centers.

Chongqing was opened as a treaty port in 1891. In Nov., 1937, just before the Japanese capture of Nanjing in the Second Sino-Japanese WarSino-Japanese War, Second,
1937–45, conflict between Japanese and Chinese forces for control of the Chinese mainland. The war sapped the Nationalist government's strength while allowing the Communists to gain control over large areas through organization of guerrilla units.
..... Click the link for more information.
, the capital of China was transferred to Chongqing, where it remained until the end of hostilities. During that time administrative agencies, educational institutions, and industrial plants from all over the country were relocated in Chongqing and the population more than tripled. The city was taken by the Communists on Nov. 30, 1949.


, Chungking, Ch'ung-ch'ing
a river port in SW China, in Sichuan province at the confluence of the Yangtze and Jialing rivers: site of a city since the 3rd millennium bc; wartime capital of China (1938--45); major trade centre for W China. Pop.: 4 975 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
We are very pleased to collaborate with Hui Xian REIT again, and we look forward to welcoming guests in the heart of Chongqing.
On 12 February 2018, Chongqing Jierui Education Technology Co.
There is typically one flight a day between Chongqing and Taipei.
Chongqing Airport is a major aviation hub for western China, serving more than 35 million passengers annually.
Chongqing Sub-Bureau of Southwest Air Traffic Management Bureau CAAC is located at Chongqing JiangBei International Airport and managing all the Air Traffic in the Southwest Region of China.
Chongqing Cable is using ServAssure to improve its network reliability and end-to-end visibility--enabling the company to identify, mitigate, and resolve potential disruptions to the subscriber experience before they become issues.
The MOU signed with the financial affairs office of the Chongqing Municipal People's Government will see OCBC and UOB working with the government agency to help companies based in Chongqing to tap into the South-east Asia market.
The plant, Chongqing 3, cost the equivalent of $600 million, Ford said.
Preliminary analysis showed that the accident was triggered by a gas explosion on the goaf, or the deserted part of the mine already cleared of minerals, Xinhua quoted the municipal government of Chongqing as saying.
It sells mainly brands in-licensed from Chinese beer maker Chongqing Brewery Company Co Ltd (SHA:600132), or CBC, as well as the brand Tianmuhu.
As the central city for strategic development in China's middle-west region, Chongqing City aims to shift from an industrial-oriented economy to a communications industry hub.