Choquequirao


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Choquequirao

[Quechua,=cradle of gold], IncaInca
, pre-Columbian empire, W South America. The name Inca may specifically refer to the emperor, but is generally used to mean the empire or the people. Extent and Organization of the Empire
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 site in Peru, about 95 mi (155 km) W of Cuzco. Lying at 9,950 ft (3,030 m), in the spurs of the Salkantay mountain range above the Apurímac River, it is similar in style and function to the better-known Machu PicchuMachu Picchu
, Inca site in Peru, about 50 mi (80 km) NW of Cuzco. It is perched high upon a rock in a narrow saddle between two sharp mountain peaks and overlooks the Urubamba River 2,000 ft (600 m) below.
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, some 30 mi (50 km) to the east. It was built by Topa Inca, or Tupac Yupanqui (reigned 1471–93), the son of Pachacuti Yupanqui, who built Machu Picchu, and by his son Huayna Capac (reigned 1493–1525). The 4,450 acre (1,800 ha) site includes large terraces for agriculture, a small rectangular temple and other government buildings, living quarters for priests and nobility around the central square, and clusters of smaller buildings for other residents. The flattened hilltop of Sunch'u Pata above the plaza was used for religious ceremonies.

The Spaniard Juan Arias Díaz was the first European to visit the site, in 1710. Other explorers rediscovered and mapped the site, but it was not until Hiram BinghamBingham, Hiram,
1875–1956, American archaeologist, historian, and statesman, b. Honolulu; son of Hiram Bingham (1831–1908). He was educated at Yale (B.A., 1898), the Univ. of California (M.A., 1900), and Harvard (M.A., 1901; Ph.D.
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, the discoverer of Machu Picchu, visited in 1909, that Choquequirao gained wider attention. Excavations at the site were begun in the 1970s, and restoration started in 1993.

References in periodicals archive ?
The head of State, Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, traveled this morning to the regions of Cusco and Apurimac to supervise the area where the cable car of the Archaeological Park of Choquequirao (Cusco) will be constructed, and inspect the hospital Diospi Suyana, located in the district of Curahuasi (Apurmac).
LONELY PLANET TOP 10 | Choquequirao, Peru - pictured | Taranaki, New Zealand | The Azores, Portugal | North Wales, UK | South Australia | Aysen, Chile | The Tuamotus, French Polynesia | Coastal Georgia, USA | Perak, Malaysia | The Skellig Ring, Ireland
In December 2014-January 2015 issue, periodical ranked India's Hyderabad at second position on the list, which included cities Zermatt in Switzerland, National Mall in Washington DC, Corsica, Choquequirao in Peru, Sark in Channel Islands, Koyasan in Japan, Oklahoma City, and Maramures in Romania.
One of the main projects is to take place between the regions of Apurimac and Cuzco near the Inca ruins of Choquequirao.
Choquequirao is believed to be the last major religious center of the Inca Empire before its fall, and the well-preserved ruin complex consists of terraced fields, temples and palaces and features an advanced system of canals and aqueducts.
On his way home via Peru, a local prefect convinced Bingham to visit the pre-Columbian city of Choquequirao, a city which was at the time widely regarded by scholars as the last Inca capital of South America.
Madera col; Ucchuhuerta, Choquequirao (Anta, 1600m), 16.
Gori Echevarria y Zenobio Valencia, arqueologos invitados, presentan el tema de <<Las llamas de Choquequirao, arte imperial cusqueno en roca del siglo XV>>.
Tenemos un potencial turistico muy grande debido entre otros, a los nuevos descubrimientos arqueologicos, tales como, la ciudad de Caral, el Senor de Sipan, Choquequirao, El Brujo y otros, son presentados al mundo, analizados a partir de patrones y esquemas interpretativos, que no corresponden a la realidad cultural del mundo andino.
CUSCO (22 de mayo) se declara de interes publico la proteccion y conservacion ambiental de las 18 areas priorizadas para la conservacion regional en Cusco: Choquequirao, corredor biologico MarcapataCamanti, Ausangate, bosques de Polylepis de la Cordillera del Vilcanota, humedal Lucre-Huarcapay, bosques de Polylepis de la Cordillera de Vilcabamba, rodales de Puya Raimondii-Lares, SuyckutamboEchoccollo, comunidad Villa Virgen, nacion Quero, Huachipaeri, reserva de Chuyapi, Pachatusan, Cuatro Lagunas-Pomacanchi, canon del Apurimac-Pacaypata, Urusayhua, Lacco Yavero, y comunidad campesina Pomancanchi (sector Pumawasi).