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(computer science)



(Common Object Request Broker Architecture) A software-based interface from the Object Management Group (OMG) that allows software modules (objects) to communicate with each other no matter where they are located on a private network or the global Internet. CORBA is a "distributed objects" system designed for multi-tier, client/server applications, where processing data in one computer requires additional processing by some other service in another computer in order to complete the transaction. CORBA is also described as an "object bus" or "software bus." See distributed objects.

DCOM and Web Services
Microsoft's counterpart to CORBA is its COM-based Distributed COM (DCOM) architecture (see COM and DCOM). COM/CORBA interoperability is required to integrate Windows desktops into a CORBA-based system.

Although CORBA and DCOM have achieved some success, Web services on the Internet are expected to be far more triumphant. CORBA software from different vendors may not always interoperate at all levels, and DCOM is a Windows-based solution only (see Web services).

Part of the OMA
CORBA is the communications component of the Object Management Architecture (OMA), which defines other elements such as naming services, security and transaction services. However, CORBA is the common umbrella term.

Client/Server Requests
At runtime, a CORBA client makes a request to a remote object via an ORB (Object Request Broker), and the ORB creates the illusion that the remote object is local.

The client calls a CORBA operation by sending a GIOP (General Inter-ORB Protocol) message to the server ORB, which returns a GIOP reply. Finally, the client ORB converts the reply into a normal object for the client application. When sent over TCP/IP, GIOP is called "IIOP" (Internet Inter-ORB Protocol). Orbix and VisiBroker are examplesof commercial ORBs.

The Interface Definition Language (IDL)
CORBA objects are defined by an Interface Definition Language (IDL) that describes the processing (methods) and the data sent and returned. IDL compilers for languages such as C, C++, Java, Smalltalk and COBOL let programmers use familiar constructs. IDL definitions stored in an Interface Repository can be queried by a client application to determine which objects are available on the bus.

CORBA Versions
The first version of CORBA supported C. CORBA 2 added C++ and Java as well as GIOP. CORBA 3 added Internet firewall support, quality of service (QoS) and CORBAcomponents, a high-level interface to services such as Enterprise JavaBeans (EJBs). See POA and servant.

One Program Calls Another
The basic concept is simple: one program calls upon another for its services no matter where it is located. CORBA provides a complete messaging environment for executing remote objects written in multiple languages and running on different platforms.

Remote Procedure Calls
RPCs, which have been around for some time, are similar to CORBA, although not as comprehensive. They tend to support one programming language and one platform.

CORBA Object Creation
CORBA objects are created by compiling IDL definitions into the client and server code. The resulting applications communicate with each other via the CORBA bus using the GIOP or IIOP protocols.
References in periodicals archive ?
Le diner compos d'une bonne chorba et d'une dlicieuse Chekhchouka a t prpare sur place.
Chorba, Carrie C, Mexico, from Mestizo to Multicultural: National Identity and Recent Representations of the Conquest.
Chorba RS, Chorba DJ, Bouillon LE, Overmyer CA, Landis JA.
Saarinen UM, Chorba TL, Tattersall P, Young NS, Anderson LJ, Palmer E, et al.
Derived from the Arabic word for 'drink', chorba is a heartv soup brought to you first so that you may quench your thirst after a long day of abstention.
A few educationists such as LeCroy [27] as well as Resko and Chorba [28] document that playing educational games was taken as a challenge by students and it fosters an environment that is less stressful, more interactive, and helps the learners to engage more freely with their peers.
instant soups individual - chorba recipe - pods 400 000 1 000 000 mini maxi over 3 years.
ref_=tt_ov_st_sm) reports that Nancy Sun (Western Union Manager), Kelly Tuohy (Waitress), Matthew Minierio (TJ), Phillip JM Chorba (Hotel Manager) and Kevin McCormick (Randall "Ghost" Sykes) will make an appearance in "Blue Bloods" Season 5, episode 12 "Home Sweet Home.
19) did not define the nature of injuries sustained by the athletes in their study, whereas Chorba at al.
It continues to occupy a central place in our historical memory, in our memory of identity" (quoted in Chorba 31).