): This is a shallow wooden box with 25 strings tied to string holding posts and tuning pins.
The whole collection, a total of 161 musical instruments including examples of aerophones, chordophones
, membranophones and idiophones, unfortunately cannot be opened to the public.
Finally, the chordophones
are instruments in which the sound is made by the vibration of strings, as in folk harp, zithers, violins, pianos.
In this period of "profound cultural change," it is surprising to note the paucity of chordophones
. The lyre becomes "antiquated" and dies out.
In a departure from conventional ethnomusicology definitions - which tend to group all instruments in types such as bells (metallophones) that are rung, drums (membranophones) that are struck, stringed instruments (chordophones
) that are plucked, scraped or bowed, and horns and flutes (aerophones) that are blown -- author Lucie Rault presents her study in five chapters entitled The Voices of Nature, The Body as Instrument, Religious and Ritual Uses, Instruments within Society and Giving Matter a Soul.
"Coptic lutes" are chordophones
with a long neck and a relatively small body, dating from Egypt's late antiquity (third to ninth centuries A.D.).
Sebastian Virdung and Martin Agricola in the sixteenth century divided the families into three major categories (further divided into four subcategories): chordophones
(with keyboards, without keyboards, fretted and unfretted), aerophones (subdivided further as with finger holes, without finger holes, blown by bellows), and idiophones.
Similarly, when browsing musical instruments, the first screen displays the four categories of the Sachs-Hornbostel classification--aerophones, chordophones
, idiophones, and membranophones--supplemented by "vocalizations" and "electronic" instruments; subsequent screens display instrument families, and then specific instruments for each family.
On these menus users can choose presentations about the town and the instruments recorded there, The other main means of access is by browsing a listing of general topics, such as the towns visited, instrument classification categories (e.g., chordophones
) and instruments within them, explorations (musical principles, ethnomusicology, information on Boulton and the expedition), and miscellaneous topics (e.g., Dogon masks, the Sunjala epic).