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, choregraphy
1. the composition of dance steps and sequences for ballet and stage dancing
2. the steps and sequences of a ballet or dance
3. the notation representing such steps
4. the art of dancing
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A term originally used for the art of notating dances. The first attempts to record dances were made in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, but it was not until the late 17th and early 18th centuries that French choreographers and dance teachers, such as P. Beauchamp, R.-A. Feuillet, and P. Rameau, devised a system of dance notation, which later became widespread. The term “choreography” was introduced by the choreographer Feuillet, author of Chorégraphie ou l’arte de décrire la danse (1700). In Russia, two systems of dance notation were devised in the late 18th century: the system of F. A. Zorn (in Russian, A. Ia. Tsorn; 1889), used mainly by teachers of ballroom dances, and the system of V. I. Stepanov (1891). Stepanov’s system was used to record 27 ballets from the repertoire of the Mariinskii Theater in St. Petersburg.

(2) The art of composing dances and ballets. In this sense, the term has been used since the mid-19th century. Authors of the steps and dances in a ballet are called choreographers.

(3) The art of the dance as a whole. It is one of the oldest forms of art, whose means of expression are movements of the human body to music (seeDANCE).


Lisitsian, S. Zapis’ dvizheniia (Kinetografiia). Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
If each of these choreographers has arrived at opera through a different route, their goals remain similar: to lavish everything they know about movement on an art form in which posturing and immobility have become routine.
JOFFREY BALLET OF CHICAGO: This esteemed company will cook up a program comprising works by choreographer Gerald Arpino, including the world premiere of Footnotes for RJ, a tribute to the late ballet giant Robert Joffrey, who succumbed to AIDS complications in 1988.
In the first rehearsal of Tan Dun's production of The First Emperor, which has its world premiere this season, Levy takes notes as choreographer Dou Dou Huang leads 50 dancers through a blend of martial arts and contemporary dance.
There are a lot of talented choreographers out there, but they haven't necessarily had the opportunities I've had.
Mills was one of 10 choreographers, four of them Portland-based, who created new pieces for the NWPDP gala and showcase.
The German choreographer extracts the turbulence below the surface in the shocking opening episode, where one of Schubert's most lyrical effusions creeps in on a brutal assault inflicted by one man on another.
One might call her a postmodern choreographer, a movement designer, or a visual artist whose primary medium is human beings--dancers, musicians, pedestrians.
Next the young choreographers would like to try making solos and duets.
Aubrey, who is also a choreographer and instructor, points to knees that may get their knocks in jazz dance as well as ballet; ankles for hoofers; lower back, shoulders, and feet for flamencos; and for breakers, shoulder, neck, arm, and hand injuries.
DTW audiences are always filled with other dancers and choreographers. They can still count on seeing stimulating dance any time they venture to 19th Street and Seventh Avenue.
And it is certainly not the type of movement that most contemporary Jewish choreographers, who may be trained in classical ballet and modern, are using in their work.
At a time hen freelancing was almost unknown in modern dance, early commissions to E" Geoffrey Holder, Glen Tetley, and John Butler established RDT as a working instrument for choreographers without companies of their own.