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(both: kôt`bo͝os), city (1994 pop. 128,120), Brandenburg, E Germany, on the Spree River. It is an industrial center and rail junction, but one that is heavily polluted with sulfur dioxide. Manufactures include textiles, leather, machinery, and building materials. Cottbus developed as a market center in the late 12th cent. and passed to Brandenburg in the mid-15th cent. It was annexed, with the rest of LusatiaLusatia
, Ger. Lausitz, Pol. Łużyce, region of E Germany and SW Poland. It extends N from the Lusatian Mts., at the Czech border, and W from the Oder River.
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, by Saxony in 1635 and was taken by Prussia in 1815.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a district in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), near the Polish border, in the Middle European plain, in the basin of the Spree River. Area, 8,300 sq km. Population, 861,100 (1970), including Germans and Lusatians (Wends). The administrative center is the city of Cottbus.

Cottbus is an industrial and agricultural district of the GDR. In 1970, 51.6 percent of the economically active population was employed in industry and construction and 14.6 percent was engaged in agriculture and forestry. Cottbus is distinguished by its high rate of development in industry. The district produces more than two-fifths of the output of brown coal (by strip mining in the Lower Lusatian Basin) and half of the production of electric power in the GDR (powerful thermoelectric plants are located in Liibbenau, Vetschau, Schwarze Pumpe, Trattendorf, Lauta, and elsewhere). The chemical industry is well represented in Cottbus District: the Schwarze Pumpe Combine, which is the largest enterprise in the GDR for the processing of brown coal; a chemical coke combine in Lauchhammer; a large synthetic fiber plant in Wilhelm-Pieck-Stadt Guben; and a plant producing synthetic fuel in Schwarzheide. The ceramic and glass industries are also important (particularly in Weisswasser). The traditional textile and knitted-wear industry is significant in Wil-helm-Pieck-Stadt Guben, Forst, and Cottbus.

Crops grown in the district include grains (rye and wheat), potatoes, sugar beets, and fodder. Market gardening is wide-spread in Cottbus District. Dairy livestock and swine are raised. Fishing from ponds is an important industry.




a city in the German Democratic Republic, on the Spree River. Administrative center of Cottbus District. Population, 82,900 (1970).

Cottbus is a river port and a transportation junction. The production of cloth, rugs, and other textile goods takes place in the city. The machine-building, woodworking, and food-processing industries are also represented. There is a textile engineering school in Cottbus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.