It was he who reported the extra-ordinary relationship of the companions with the Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Wa Sallam Sall-Allahu Alayhi Wa Sallam: 'I have seen Caesar and Chosroes
in their pomp, but never have I seen a man honoured as Muhammad is honoured by his comrades.'
The Prophet, sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, also sent 'Abdullaah ibn Huthayfah, may Allah be pleased with him, to Chosroes
, ruler of Persia, with a letter that stated: "In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Most Merciful, from Muhammad, Messenger of Allah to Chosroes
, Shah of Persia.
invoked the ghosts of famous ancient kings like Cyrus, Darius, Chosroes
I, and even Zoroaster" (Ghaffari, 1984: 377) not many ancient themes in modern plays have been recorded in the early twentieth century.
Similarly, the Chosroes
and the Caesars also conjure up the grandeurs of empires past, to which Islam has been the heir.
(81) At the siege of Antioch in 540, the Persian king Chosroes
responds with rage when the Antiochenes 'heaped insults' upon him and shot one of his emissaries before the beginning of the siege (Pers.
Japan's emperor, who was referred to as the son of the sun; the Persian ruler Chosroes
, who was believed to have God's blood in his veins; the Roman emperor Julius Caesar or Egypt's pharaoh, who claimed to be a god; and European monarchs whose bodies and spirits were consecrated were all human beings.
Stroud does an admirable job of bringing these unusual settings to life, though at times the research threatens to overwhelm the stories' inherent drama, as in "Byzantium": "He had crushed the Persian king Chosroes
, regained the eastern provinces, restored the True Cross to Jerusalem, and ordered the golden saddle of the general Shahrbaraz beaten into coins for the poor." A little of this goes a long way and at times undercuts the forward thrust of the narrative.
He alludes to textiles from these regions in the titles of several musical works composed between 1977 and 1985: Spring of Chosroes
(1977), Why Patterns?
'Thou marveledst at that which befell theeC* yet there betided the Kings of the Chosroes
before thee greater mishaps and more grievous than that which hath befallen thee; and indeed I have set forth unto thee that which happened to caliphs and kings and othersC* but the relation is longsome and harkening growth tedious, and in this is all-sufficient warning for the man of wits and admonishment for the wise.' -- from The Thousand and One Nights
After the defeat of Crasus at Carrhae (54 BC), all Roman Republican leaders and Emperors (Traian, Hadrian, Septimius Severus, Caracalla, Macrinus, Severus Alexander) confronted with Great Parthian Kings as Chosroes
I (107-130 AD), Vologese II (130-148 AD), Vologeses IV (191-208 AD), Vologese V (209-222 AD), Artaban V (222-226 AD) (6).
Reinink explores the literary responses of the Syriac Christian communities in North Mesopotamia and Iraq to the drastic political changes during the seventh and eighth centuries, particularly the Persian conquests and the occupation of the eastern provinces of Byzantium by the Persian shah Chosroes
II, and the Islamic conquests and the establishment of the first dynasty of Islam under the Umayyads.
These objects are a sheet of paper, a Larousse dictionary, a packet of Gauloises decorated with a Roman motif, a book of matches with an illustration showing two figures in a car, an Italian banknote printed with an image of Verdi and a Gorgon's head, several coins decorated with relief figures and inscriptions, a shell which is being used as an ashtray, and a postcard reproduction of what would seem to be a detail from Piero della Francesca's Battle of Chosroes
. (19) The writer seems to be lost in contemplation of the play of light and shadow on the blank sheet in front of him and of the changes in the skyscape which can be viewed from his window.