Chou En-lai

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Chou En-lai:

see Zhou EnlaiZhou Enlai
or Chou En-lai
, 1898–1976, Chinese Communist leader. A member of a noted Mandarin family, he was educated at an American-supported school in China and a university in Japan. His involvement in radical movements led to several months imprisonment.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Chou En-Lai


Born Mar. 5, 1898, in Shaohsing District, Chekiang Province; died Jan. 8, 1976, in Peking. Chinese state and political figure.

Chou En-lai was the son of a landowner. As a student at Nank’ai University in Tientsin he took part in the anti-imperialist May Fourth Movement in 1919. From 1920 to 1924 he worked and studied in France and Germany. In 1922 he joined the Communist Party of China (CPC). From 1924 to 1926 he was head of the political department of the Whampoa Military Academy and head of the political department of the I Corps of the National Revolutionary Army.

In 1927, Chou became a member of the Central Committee of the CPC and helped organize and lead the Nanch’ang Uprising. In August of that year he became a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPC, and in 1928, at the Sixth Congress of the Comintern, he was elected a candidate member of the Executive Committee of the Communist International. From 1927 to 1930, Chou was head of the organizational department of the Central Committee of the CPC, and from 1931 to 1934 he headed the Central Committee’s bureau for the Central Soviet Region. From 1934 to 1956 he was a secretary of the Central Committee.

In 1934 and 1935, Chou was a leader of the Long March. In 1935, at the Seventh Congress of the Comintern, he was elected a member of the Executive Committee of the Communist International. From 1937 to 1945 he was chairman of the Central Committee of the CPC in the Kuomintang Government, which was located first in Nanking and later in Chungking.

From 1949 to 1954, Chou was premier of the State Administrative Council of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and from 1949 to 1958 he served as foreign minister of the PRC. He became premier of the State Council of the PRC in 1954 and a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPC in 1956. He was vice-chairman of the Central Committee of the CPC from 1956 to 1966 and from 1973 until his death.

Chou delivered the political report of the Central Committee of the CPC to the Tenth Congress of the CPC in 1973 and the report on the work of the government at the 1975 session of the National People’s Congress; on both occasions he called for Maoist principles in the domestic and foreign policy of the Chinese leadership.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Chou En-lai

, Zhou En Lai
1898--1976, Chinese Communist statesman; foreign minister of the People's Republic of China (1949--58) and premier (1949--76)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
It must have been publicized in Canada, but I had forgotten, that Chou En-lai praised Doctor Norman Bethune to Canadian table tennis players in the famous visit of international teams, importantly including that of the U.S.
The Chinese Communist Party's Central Archive Research Institute published the Chou En-lai Chronology in 1989, but Yang found the above telegraph message only recently.
Moreira (senior writer for the New York-based weekly The Deal) describes the trip, in which the travelers met Madame Chiang Kai-Shek and Communist Party leader Chou En-Lai, among other adventures.
Going into Korea was thus, as Mao put it, decided by "one man and a half," namely himself and Chou En-lai.
The system of control was introduced by Chou En-lai, sent there by his Moscow controllers from party headquarters in Shanghai.
Interestingly, when I asked them which modern (now dead) Chinese leader they admired the most (Mao, Chou En-lai, Deng Xiao-ping, Chiang Kai-shek, and Sun-Yat-sen), the landslide winner was Chou followed by Deng, Mao and a virtual tie between Sun and Chiang.
in February 1972, Richard Nixon dropped into Beijing to meet with Premier Chou En-lai and Chairman Mao Tse-tung, which broke the ice on a freeze of more than two decades.
So it was exactly like Chinese politics, where to attack Chou En-lai they had to attack Confucius.
His sculpture Tiered Prism was presented by President Richard Nixon to Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai. Atkins is survived by his wife of 56 years, Nancy; two daughters, Dale Atkins and Loren Hunt; a son, Brian Atkins; and four grandchildren.
Because he was part of a foreign policy team that misjudged China's willingness to enter the war in Korea, as Chou En-lai told Indian Ambassador Panikkar it would, Secretary of State Dean Rusk helped tie America's hands in Vietnam.
But there are indications that CIA operatives plotted to kill Chou En-lai in 1955 (see Brian Urquhart's Hammarskjold, page 121).