Four-Horned Antelope

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Four-Horned Antelope

 

(Tetracerus quadricornis), a ruminant of the family Bovidae. The four-horned antelope is a small, slender animal, with a body length reaching 1 m and a tail length of 10–15 cm. It weighs 15–25 kg. The antelope is the only member of the family Bovidae whose male has four horns—two slightly curved rear horns measuring 8–10 cm long and two straight front horns measuring 2.5–4 cm long. The females are hornless. The body is cinnamon brown, with lighter underparts. The legs are white on the inside; the edges of the snout and the outside of the ears are black.

The four-horned antelope is distributed in India, where it is found in sparse forests and near reservoirs. It lives secretively, in pairs or singly. The diet consists of grass and leafy shrubs. Mating occurs in August, and one to three young are born in January or February. The animal is hunted for its valuable horns.

References in periodicals archive ?
Madhya Pradesh is famous for its promise of the Striped One, but that's not all that the jungle sanctuaries and national parks of Madhya Pradesh offer you--there are sambar, chital, chowsingha, nilgai and chinkara, sloth bear, jackal, hyena, langur, and more than 240 species of avifauna, including ibises, ducks, cormorants, darters, egrets, wagtails, storks, vultures, fishing eagles, and shrikes.
The Chowsingha and the sloth bear -- endemic to the
Endangered species such as the fourhorned antelopes or Chowsinghas and sloth bears have vanished from the reserve forests of Bellary because of the 24x7 mining in the so- called protected areas.
The overall impact of these threats to wildlife of Pakistan so far is that we have already lost lions, rhinos, Asiatic cheetah, chowsingha, wild-dog, Makran black bear, blackbuck, cheer pheasant and Siberian crane while some precious wildlife like Marco Polo sheep, Suleman Markhor, Musk deer, goral and langur are on the verge of extinction.
Gir is also an important habitat of chowsingha, the world's only four-horned antelope.