Chrestomathy


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Chrestomathy

 

a volume of systematically selected materials in a given branch of knowledge. It may consist of selected literary, scientific, scholarly, or publicist works, of selected memoirs, or of excerpts from such works; it may also consist of selected documents. The materials in a chrestomathy are generally selected in accordance with the instructional goals for a specific subject in a given type of educational institution or in a program of self-education. The first chrestomathy was a collection of selected passages from the works of Greek writers compiled by the Greek grammarian Helladios (fourth century A.D).

Prerevolutionary Russian schools used many chrestomathies, in which the selection and arrangement of the materials were oriented toward the study of literary theory. There were also chrestomathies dealing with the history of literature and chrestomathies whose contents were linked according to theme, genre, or topical similarity.

Soviet secondary and higher educational institutions use chrestomathies whose content focuses on sociopolitical disciplines, mathematics and the natural sciences, literature, linguistics, and art. Chrestomathies dealing with methodology, the history of education, extracurricular activities, and preschool upbringing are published for students at pedagogical higher educational institutions and pedagogical schools and for teachers in public schools. The most common types of chrestomathies are the literary chrestomathies used in secondary and higher educational institutions.

Texts in chrestomathies are often accompanied by brief information about the author and by brief commentaries. The scholarly apparatus in chrestomathies for higher educational institutions is similar to that in scholarly editions. In the upper grades of secondary general-education schools, specialized secondary educational institutions, and some departments of higher educational institutions, chrestomathies are used together with textbooks and teaching aids. In the middle (fourth to seventh) grades, literary chrestomathies are used independently as textbooks.

Another type of chrestomathy is the reader used in the primary grades, entitled Our Native Language (Rodnaia rech’). These readers include articles on history, geography, and the natural sciences, in addition to literary works or excerpts from them. The traditional models for such chrestomathies are K. D. Ushinskii’s primers Our Native Language (1864) and The Children’s World (1861).

Other works considered to be chrestomathies include collections of selected documents and materials for reference use, readers with adapted or original texts in foreign languages, readers intended for self-education in a given branch of knowledge, and anthologies containing selected works from a given literature or in a given literary genre.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Oxford English Dictionary defines chrestomathy as "A collection of choice passages from an author or authors, esp.
Justice Holmes, in A MENCKEN CHRESTOMATHY 258, 259 (1982) ("I find it hard to reconcile such notions [as are found in some Holmes opinions] with any plausible concept of Liberalism.
The promise of a continuation to this novel-epic would never be fulfilled, however, for Gogol plunged precipitously into a silence that was broken only by the fiasco of Selected Passages from Correspondence with Friends (1847), an awkward, and to many of his contemporaries offensive, chrestomathy of didactic prose pieces.
I would also force upon our immigrant friend a load of Mencken (probably the Second Chrestomathy, edited by my friend Terry Teachout and published in 1995), so that he might begin to glimpse the exuberance and wit the American language is capable of expressing.
But with Testimonium V, from Proclus' Chrestomathy, we see information which seems to be derived from an altogether different tradition: here the three major iambic poets are not synchronized together but are placed at different dates, each defined by association with a monarch.
While it is true that Sorbonne theologians issued prohibitions for Catholics against reading all or parts of the canonical Bible,(68) it is also true that some of their German Lutheran counterparts urged that "weaker" readers of the Bibles be provided with a chrestomathy, which would contain only that which could be read without offence or difficulty.
Encompassing Coleridge is an impossible task but this splendid edition, as an anthology of Coleridgean ideas and accounts of how he uttered them, chrestomathy and ana, goes some way towards achieving it.
Mencken, "The Sahara of the Bozart," in A Mencken Chrestomathy (New York: Alfred A.
The Mencken Chrestomathy (1949) offers a wide and representative selection from his writings.
Such chance occurrences are serendipitously amusing, but my primary focus is on intentional punning, especially my own creations, a new chrestomathy of which is below.
The exercises in [section]VII (mostly short sentences and phrases) are designed to reinforce specific sections of the grammar, while the chrestomathy in [section]VIII (consisting of six letters, four legal texts, two administrative/economic texts, and one selection each from the Kirta and Baal texts) assumes knowledge of the entire grammatical outline.
1965, Northern Ostyak Chrestomathy, The Hague--Bloomington (UAS 47).