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Charlie. 1919--42, US jazz guitarist


a. a person who believes in and follows Jesus Christ
b. a member of a Christian Church or denomination
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



kings in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. The most important were:

Christian I. Born 1426; died May 21, 1481, in Copenhagen. King of Denmark from 1448 to 1481, of Norway from 1450 to 1481, and of Sweden from 1457 to 1464.

Christian I was the founder of the Oldenburg royal dynasty (from the family of the German counts of Oldenburg). During his reign a personal union of Denmark and Schleswig-Holstein was established in 1460. His defeat at the hands of the Swedes at Brunkeberg in 1471 led to the virtual dissolution of the Danish-Swedish union.

Christian II Born July 1,1481, in Nyborg; died Jan. 25,1559, in Kalundborg. King of Denmark and Norway from 1513 to 1523 and of Sweden from 1520 to 1523.

Christian II tried to break the domination of the aristocracy by relying on the lower ranks of the nobility and the burghers. He removed the aristocratic state council from power and granted the burghers a monopoly on foreign trade. He was the last to restore the Danish-Swedish union by force of arms and massacred the opposing Swedish aristocracy and burghers (the Stockholm Blood Bath of 1520). Christian II was overthrown by an uprising of the Danish nobility.

Christian III. Born Aug. 12, 1503, in Gottorp; died Jan. 1, 1559, in Koldinghus. King of Denmark and Norway from 1534 to 1559.

A protégé of the nobility and the clergy, Christian III ascended the royal throne after the defeat of Christian IPs followers (Count’s War of 1534–36). He implemented the Lutheran reformation in 1536.

Christian IV. Born Apr. 12, 1577, in Frederiksborg; died Feb. 28, 1648, in Copenhagen. King of Denmark and Norway from 1588 to 1648 (a council of regents ruled until he came of age in 1596).

Denmark flourished during the reign of Christian IV. He promoted the development of trade and industry and strove to strengthen Danish supremacy in the Baltic and to consolidate Denmark’s influence in northern Germany. His first war with Sweden (Kalmar War, 1611–13) was successful, but his intervention in the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48) in 1625–29 on the side of the anti-Hapsburg coalition ended in failure. The second war with Sweden (1643–45) led to the crushing defeat of Denmark (the Treaty of Brömsebro).


Christian VIII. Born Sept. 18, 1786, in Copenhagen; died there Jan. 20, 1848. King of Denmark from 1839.

Christian VIII was the grandson of Frederick V. As viceroy of Norway (from 1813) he refused to recognize the term of the Kiel Peace Treaty of 1814 on the transfer of Norway from Denmark to Sweden. In May 1814 he was elected king of Norway but was not recognized by the great powers, and in October 1814 he abdicated. Christian did not participate in government affairs from 1818 to 1831. From 1831 to 1839 he was a member of the Privy Council. After he became king of Denmark in 1839, Christian opposed the peasant and liberal bourgeois movement in Denmark and the national liberation movements in Schleswig and Holstein.

Christian IX. Born Apr. 8, 1818, in Gottorp; died Jan. 29, 1906, in Copenhagen. King of Denmark from 1863.

Christian IX was the first Danish king of the Gliicksborg dynasty; he acquired his right to the throne from his marriage to a niece of Christian VIII. In 1901, under the pressure of the democratic and liberal bourgeois movement in the country, he granted to the parliament the right to form the Danish government. Christian IX’s daughter, Louise Sophie Frederikke Dagmar, became in 1866 the wife of the Russian emperor Alexander III under the name of Empress Mariia Fedorovna.

Christian X. Born Sept. 26, 1870, in Charlottenlund; died Apr. 20, 1947, in Copenhagen. King of Denmark from 1912 and of Iceland 1918 to 1944.

Christian X was the son and heir of Frederick VIII. In World War II (1939–45) he gained popularity by his firmly unyielding attitude toward the fascist German occupation authorities.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


flees the City of Destruction. [Br. Lit.: Pilgrim’s Progress]
See: Escape


travels to Celestial City with cumbrous burden on back. [Br. Lit.: Pilgrim’s Progress]
See: Journey


John Bunyan’s virtuous, well-traveled hero. [Br. Lit.: Pilgrim’s Progress]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
him, Harper said they 'Thoughts with victims' THE congregation of Christain Brothers Trustees last night released a statement following the conviction of Farrell and Kelly.
Addressing the rally christain community leader Father Immanuel Sharif said that christians are peaceful citizens of Pakistan and have played role in the national development process.
ModRock is in between at 2.5, Wilks ClassicCountry WHOK/F 1.5, Christain Voice WCVO holds 4.1-3.3-3.3 and News/Talk Ohio State Univiversity 3.1-2.7-3.2 with OSU Classical WOSA .9.
The Australians suffered yet more injuries, losing Berrick Barnes, Christain Leali'ifano and Pat Mc-Cabe, something Gatland believes will be tough for them to absorb.
Under the leadership of Fraser White and Christain Guertler, DCI started operations in China in 2003, with the establishment of Dulwich College in Shanghai, a co-educational, academic institution offering education to the expatriate community, sharing the same educational philosophy as Dulwich College, which is a prestigious independent boys' school in south east London established in 1619.
Props and constumes from the film series, which starred Christain Bale in the lead roles, were on display including the caped crusader's Batmobile, known as The Tumbler.
Ghana had no problem to overcome a weak opponent and their class told from the outset, and particularly during all of the first half in which they managed a two-goal lead with goals by captain Asamoah Gyan and Christain Atsu.
It is thought the crosses were carved on the stones to guide Christain pilgrims on their wary to St Ninian's shrine at Whithorn.
Christain Benteke is way out in front at Aston Villa - 70 per cent of shirts sold in the Villa Stores have Benteke 20 - on the back, while Welshman Gareth Bale is out in front at Spurs.
Earlier on Tuesday, a batch of 178 Sri Lankan pilgrims faced protests, with a pro-Tamil outfit trying to block their vehicles when they were returning after offering worship at the famous Velankanni Christain shrine near Nagapattinam.
In the Christian enclave of Bustan al-Diwan, bordering the Sunni strongholds around the Old City of Homs, residents said Christain families had been forced out by Sunni fighters launching attacks on Syrian army checkpoints in the area.