Barnard, Christiaan Neethling

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Barnard, Christiaan Neethling

(krĭs`tēän' nā`thĭng bär`nərd), 1922–2001, South African surgeon. The son of a Dutch Reformed minister, Barnard studied medicine at the Univ. of Cape Town (M.B. 1946, M.D. 1953), then came to the United States in 1955 to improve his surgical technique under Owen H. Wangensteen at the Univ. of Minnesota. While in Minneapolis, he performed his first heart operation, and he later pursued further heart surgery training at the Univ. of Virginia. Returning to Cape Town, he was appointed director of surgical research at the Groote Schuur Hospital, where he made medical history on Dec. 3, 1967, when he completed the world's first human heart transplant. Barnard also designed artificial heart valves, wrote extensively on the subject of congenital intestinal atresia, and developed surgical procedures relating to organ transplants.

Bibliography

See his book, written with J. Illman, The Body Machine: Your Health in Perspective (1981); biography by L. E. Leopold (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
Pioneering efforts, which are most certainly noteworthy, like the first heart transplant by Christiaan Barnard, the trailblazing by Dr Denton Cooley and it is these practitioners who get the publicity again reinforcing the image of superiority.
In recognition of this he was presented with the prestigious Christiaan Barnard Memorial Award and medal for his contribution to medicine and the people of South Africa.
Christiaan Barnard, a South African surgeon, lifted a human heart out of the chest of a young bank worker who had died in a car crash and installed it in a 55-year-old grocer who was near death.
Doctor Christiaan Barnard had done the first human heart transplant 50 years ago and history was made.
Nine-year-old Max was guest of honour at the Science Museum in London to pay tribute to Christiaan Barnard, who performed that first transplant in South Africa in 1967.
On the 50th anniversary of the first human heart transplant, carried out by South African cardiac surgeon Christiaan Barnard, Professor Stephen Westaby said it was time to switch to artificial pumps and stem cell therapy, which could help thousands more people.
On December 3 1967, South African cardiac surgeon Christiaan Barnard transplanted the heart of a woman who died following a car accident to a grocer suffering from heart disease.
Professor Christiaan Barnard performed the operation on Louis Washkansky, 54, in South Africa.
On December 3, 1967, South African cardiac surgeon Christiaan Barnard transplanted the heart of a woman who died following a car accident to a grocer suffering from heart disease.
It was on December 3, 1967 that South African surgeon Dr Christiaan Barnard performed the first heart transplant on Louis Washkansky, 54, who survived for just 18 days.
IFifty years ago, on December 3, 1967, South African cardiac surgeon Dr Christiaan Barnard carried out the world's first human-tohuman heart transplant.
Christiaan Barnard, the South African cardiac surgeon, performed the world's first human-to-human heart transplant on December 3, 1967, and the second overall heart transplant in 1964.