Barnard, Christiaan Neethling

(redirected from Christiaan Barnard)
Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.

Barnard, Christiaan Neethling

(krĭs`tēän' nā`thĭng bär`nərd), 1922–2001, South African surgeon. The son of a Dutch Reformed minister, Barnard studied medicine at the Univ. of Cape Town (M.B. 1946, M.D. 1953), then came to the United States in 1955 to improve his surgical technique under Owen H. Wangensteen at the Univ. of Minnesota. While in Minneapolis, he performed his first heart operation, and he later pursued further heart surgery training at the Univ. of Virginia. Returning to Cape Town, he was appointed director of surgical research at the Groote Schuur Hospital, where he made medical history on Dec. 3, 1967, when he completed the world's first human heart transplant. Barnard also designed artificial heart valves, wrote extensively on the subject of congenital intestinal atresia, and developed surgical procedures relating to organ transplants.

Bibliography

See his book, written with J. Illman, The Body Machine: Your Health in Perspective (1981); biography by L. E. Leopold (1971).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
2001 CHRISTIAAN BARNARD, South African heart surgeon.
Doctor Christiaan Barnard performed the first successful transplant of which human organ?
1967: The first heart transplant was performed by Dr Christiaan Barnard and a team of surgeons in South Africa.
South African cardiac surgeon Christiaan Barnard performed the operation in the early hours of Sunday, December 3, 1967, at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa.
1971 - Dr Christiaan Barnard transplants two lungs and a heart into a man in Cape Town, South Africa.
South African surgeon Dr Christiaan Barnard carried out the world's first heart transplant operation on grocer Louis Washkansky at Groote Schuur Hospital even earlier, in 1967.
Pioneering plastic Surgeon Archibald McIndoe drinks a toast with some of his patients at a reunion of the Guinea Pig Club at Royal Victoria Hospital in September 1948 South African surgeon Prof Christiaan Barnard
In 2017, we celebrated the 50th anniversary of the world's first human heart transplant, carried out by South African surgeon Christiaan Barnard (Figure 1) in Cape Town on December 3, 1967.
Pioneering efforts, which are most certainly noteworthy, like the first heart transplant by Christiaan Barnard, the trailblazing by Dr Denton Cooley and it is these practitioners who get the publicity again reinforcing the image of superiority.
In recognition of this he was presented with the prestigious Christiaan Barnard Memorial Award and medal for his contribution to medicine and the people of South Africa.
Christiaan Barnard, a South African surgeon, lifted a human heart out of the chest of a young bank worker who had died in a car crash and installed it in a 55-year-old grocer who was near death.
Nine-year-old Max was guest of honour at the Science Museum in London to pay tribute to Christiaan Barnard, who performed that first transplant in South Africa in 1967.