Christian Church


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Christian Church (Disciples of Christ),

sometimes called Campbellites, a Protestant religious body founded early in the 19th cent. in the United States. Its primary thesis is that the Bible alone should form the basis for faith and conduct, each individual interpreting the Bible for himself or herself. Thomas CampbellCampbell, Thomas,
1763–1854, American clergyman, a founder of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). See Campbell, Alexander, his more famous son.
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, preaching in W Pennsylvania, was censured by his presbytery for trying to gather into the church scattered groups of Christians. He made a plea for unity among all Christians with no other platform than the primitive and simple gospel. In 1809 he formed the Christian Association of Washington, Pa., but neither he nor his son Alexander CampbellCampbell, Alexander,
1788–1866, clergyman, cofounder with his father, Thomas Campbell, 1763–1854, of the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Of Scottish lineage, both were born in Ireland and educated at the Univ. of Glasgow.
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, who joined him in the work, desired that a new denomination should be established. An independent church was built (1811) at Brush Run, Pa., with Alexander as the minister. The movement expanded rapidly. Another minister, Barton Warren Stone, had also broken away from the Presbyterian Church and formed a church whose members were known as "Christians." Similar separatist groups seceded, under the leadership of James O'Kelley, from the Methodist Church in North Carolina and, under Abner Jones and Elias Smith, from some of the Baptist churches in New England. Both Stone and Alexander Campbell had adopted immersion, and this brought them for a time into sympathetic relations with the Baptists. In 1832 practically all of Stone's group and many from the other two branches united with the "Disciples" led by Campbell. The remainder of the "Christians," who were subsequently organized as the Christian Church, merged (1931) with the Congregational Church (see CongregationalismCongregationalism,
type of Protestant church organization in which each congregation, or local church, has free control of its own affairs. The underlying principle is that each local congregation has as its head Jesus alone and that the relations of the various congregations
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). The merged "Disciples" and "Christians" developed strongly and rapidly after the Civil War, particularly in the central and western states, and missionary labors have extended the church throughout the world. A separation into two churches took place in 1906 because of a dispute over the use of instrumental music at the church service; the progressive group, which allowed it, became known as the Disciples of Christ, while the conservatives, who dissented, were organized as Churches of ChristChurches of Christ,
conservative body of evangelical Protestants in the United States. Its founders were originally members of what is now the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) who gradually withdrew from that body following the Civil War.
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. In 1968 the Disciples of Christ reorganized as the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). Membership in the church is c.850,000 worldwide (1999).

Bibliography

See W. E. Garrison and A. T. DeGroot, The Disciples of Christ, a History (rev. ed. 1958, repr. 1964); L. Cochran, Captives of the Word (1969).

References in periodicals archive ?
In the end Christian churches had torn asunder the once prudent barrier separating the activities of church and state.
Cameron Thomson, of Shortland Horne, said: "We made a deliberate approach to the Redeemed Christian Church of God as it seemed perfect for their use.
DURHAM CATHEDRAL The Christian Church has the enthusiastic backing of Robert Murphy.
That is because the book repeats the worn-out cliche that the Catholic Church, and Christian churches in general, hate, oppress, and exploit women.
Unsurprisingly, the author is quick to condemn both the New Testament and the Christian church for anti-Judaism as well.
The environmental work of Christian churches extends far beyond the U.S., to include such exemplary projects as the tree planting organized by Zimbabwe's African Independent Churches (AIC) that has transformed what were once barren landscapes.
Nevertheless, Dupuis holds that they remain related to the universal mediation of Christ and to the Christian Church. His method of approaching these questions is influenced by liberation theology.
Particularly intriguing is Russell's answer to the question of why Clovis turned Christian, an answer which emphasizes the degree to which the former's options were between a form of Christianity already ethnicized (Arianism) and a (Gallo-Roman) Latin Christian church quite eager to accommodate itself to his needs.
The western Christian church, which acknowledged the leadership of the Pope at Rome, and the eastern Christian church, which acknowledged the leadership of the Patriarch at Constantinople, frequently quarreled over points of doctrine, and these quarrels were poisoned by the rival ambitions of the two religious leaders.
A story making the rounds in Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) circles says that the pope, when advised of the start of talks between the Disciples and the Vatican, asked in puzzlement: "The Apostles I know, but who are these Disciples?"
A luncheon at Shelby Christian Church, Shelbyville, IL will follow the services.
Summary: Cairo [Egypt], Dec 29 (ANI): The Egyptian Interior Ministry on Friday confirmed the death of 10 people after a gunman opened fire outside a Coptic Christian church in Southern Cairo on Friday.

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