Christian Democratic Union


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.
Related to Christian Democratic Union: CDU
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Christian Democratic Union

 

(CDU; Christlich-Demokratische Union), a major bourgeois political party in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). The CDU was formed in 1950 from local organizations that had existed since 1945.

The party represents the interests of monopoly capital, and it draws support from various religious groups, particularly Catholic groups. The party membership includes mainly leading businessmen, high-ranking officials, well-to-do farmers, and craftsmen. It forms a united bloc in the Bundestag with the Christian Social Union, a Bavarian party. Christian Democrats headed the government of the FRG until 1969.

K. Adenauer, who served as chairman of the CDU from 1950 to 1966, long played a major role in the formulation of the party’s political course. The party sought to complete the division of Germany into two parts and to incorporate the FRG into the system of military and economic alliances of the Western powers. Proceeding on the basis of revanchistmilitarist aims, the CDU refused to normalize relations with the European socialist countries, to extend formal recognition to the German Democratic Republic (GDR), or to recognize the inviolability of European borders; it laid an unfounded claim to West Berlin and sought access for the FRG to nuclear weapons.

Since 1969 the CDU has been an opposition party and has constantly criticiżed the foreign and domestic policies of the government, which has been headed by the Social Democratic and Free Democratic parties. In particular, the CDU has opposed the FRG’s treaties with the USSR, the Polish People’s Republic, and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, as well as the treaty that established the basis for relations between the FRG and the GDR.

As of 1978, the CDU had 672,000 members. The party chairman is H. Kohl.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since then, the CSU itself has veered sharply to the right and been something of a troublemaker for the ruling Christian Democratic Union (CDU) at the centre.
After five months of political wrangling, the Social Democrats (SPD) and the Christian Democratic Union -- together with the CDU's Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union -- have formed a government coalition.
Burkhard Balz, a European parliamentarian from chancellor Angela Merkel's centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU), is the favourite to replace Andreas Dombret, the Bundesbank's board member in charge of overseeing banks, when he steps down in April.
Mrs Merkel's Christian Democratic Union, its Bavariaonly sister, the Christian Social Union, and the Social Democrats had set yesterday as a deadline to wrap up negotiations.
Four months after elections, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, leader of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union, is still struggling to form a grand coalition with Germany's Social Democrats in order to achieve a fourth term as chancellor.
According to him, this is also the position of his Christian Social Union, the Bavarian partner of the ruling German Christian Democratic Union of Chancellor Angela Merkel.
But the German Cultural Council has warned allowing the far-right party to control culture would send a "fatal signal."Last week's preliminary agreement between Chancellor Angela Merkel's Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD) makes the perspective of a renewed "grand coalition" more likely for Germany's government.
File photo: German Chancellor Angela Merkel (centre), leader of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU); Horst Seehofer (right), leader of the Christian Social Union (CSU); and Sigmar Gabriel, leader of the Social Democratic Party (SPD), hold copies of a signed coalition treaty during a ceremony in Berlin in December 2013.
The latest survey by INSA/YouGov released on Friday predicted that Merkel's conservative Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and its Bavarian sister party Christian Social Union (CSU) would win 34 percent of the vote, but still fall short of an outright majority at the parliament.
The parties Erdogan gave his thumbs down to are the Christian Democratic Union of Chancellor Angela Merkel, the Social Democratic Party and The Greens.
The action followed a June 26 magazine interview pledge by Chancellor Angela Merkel, a practicing Protestant who previously opposed same-sex marriage, to allow a free vote for her governing Christian Democratic Union.
As a member of the newly formed CDU (Christian Democratic Union), Kohl wanted to make his party more inclusive towards the younger generation.

Full browser ?