Christian II

Christian II,

1481–1559, king of Denmark and Norway (1513–23) and Sweden (1520–23), son and successor of King John. After several unsuccessful attempts, he asserted claim to Sweden by force. However, his wholesale massacre of Swedish nobles at Stockholm (1520) alienated the Swedes, who raised Gustavus Vasa to the throne as Gustavus IGustavus I
, 1496–1560, king of Sweden (1523–60), founder of the modern Swedish state and the Vasa dynasty. Known as Gustavus Eriksson before his coronation, he was the son of Erik Johansson, a Swedish senator and follower of the Sture family.
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, thus ending the Kalmar UnionKalmar Union,
combination of the three crowns of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, effected at Kalmar, Sweden, by Queen Margaret I in 1397. Because the kingship was elective in all three countries, the union could not be maintained by inheritance.
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. In Denmark, Christian earned the hatred of the nobles and high clergy by thorough reforms in favor of the lower and middle classes, by inviting Lutheran preachers to Copenhagen, and by placing Sigbrit, mother of his Dutch mistress, in charge of the finances of the realm. In 1523 the nobles rebelled (particularly in Jutland), deposed Christian, and chose his uncle, Frederick I, as king. Christian fled, but in 1532 he was captured while attempting to recover the throne. He was imprisoned until his death. A gifted and educated ruler despite his despotic methods, Christian II did much to advance learning in Denmark.
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Christian II

sybaritic king. [Fr. Lit.: Kings in Exile, Walsh Modern, 96]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Maryland's top court on Friday unanimously ordered a review of Mark Edmund Christian II's February 2012 trial to determine if now-retired Harford County Circuit Judge Stephen Waldron properly instructed the jury, as he states in a recent affidavit, or delivered a constitutionally invalid instruction, as reflected by the trial transcript.
Phillips earlier that year, it was originally purchased by Christian II, Elector of Saxony at the Leipzig Easter fair in 1602 and preserved in the Dresden Grunes Gewolbe; the casket was among the items awarded to and subsequently sold by the Wettin family in 1924.
Collon had opened with another rarity - Sibelius's suite from the play King Christian II, which turned out to be rather more than just incidental music.
Maybe the incidental music Sibelius wrote for King Christian II and Swanwhite, among other plays, will find its way into future Sage concerts.
Their topics include the conversion of Christian II of Denmark in Roman Catholic diplomatic literature 1530-32, narrating conversion and subjecthood in the Venetian-Ottoman borderlands, conversion in James Shirley's St.
After his accession in 1514, Christian II had attempted to consolidate the power of the Union King.
Lockhart discusses the Oldenburg kings Christian II, Frederik I, Christian III, Frederik II, Christian IV, and Frederik III, and thoroughly relates special problems and officials in each of these lands under each king.
The study contains some interesting snapshots of the problems posed by individuals for their biographers, for example the responses to the crypto-Calvinist elector Christian I, or to his alcoholic successor Christian II, but the question whether it is possible to delineate an individual in a medium so determined by conventions could have been drawn out further.
Sometimes pastors had to resolve such difficulties more creatively, as Moore shows through the case of Elector Christian II, who drank himself to death at an early age.
They opened with the Nocturne from the Suite King Christian II by Sibelius.

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