Christian II

Christian II,

1481–1559, king of Denmark and Norway (1513–23) and Sweden (1520–23), son and successor of King John. After several unsuccessful attempts, he asserted claim to Sweden by force. However, his wholesale massacre of Swedish nobles at Stockholm (1520) alienated the Swedes, who raised Gustavus Vasa to the throne as Gustavus IGustavus I
, 1496–1560, king of Sweden (1523–60), founder of the modern Swedish state and the Vasa dynasty. Known as Gustavus Eriksson before his coronation, he was the son of Erik Johansson, a Swedish senator and follower of the Sture family.
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, thus ending the Kalmar UnionKalmar Union,
combination of the three crowns of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, effected at Kalmar, Sweden, by Queen Margaret I in 1397. Because the kingship was elective in all three countries, the union could not be maintained by inheritance.
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. In Denmark, Christian earned the hatred of the nobles and high clergy by thorough reforms in favor of the lower and middle classes, by inviting Lutheran preachers to Copenhagen, and by placing Sigbrit, mother of his Dutch mistress, in charge of the finances of the realm. In 1523 the nobles rebelled (particularly in Jutland), deposed Christian, and chose his uncle, Frederick I, as king. Christian fled, but in 1532 he was captured while attempting to recover the throne. He was imprisoned until his death. A gifted and educated ruler despite his despotic methods, Christian II did much to advance learning in Denmark.

Christian II

sybaritic king. [Fr. Lit.: Kings in Exile, Walsh Modern, 96]
References in periodicals archive ?
Maybe the incidental music Sibelius wrote for King Christian II and Swanwhite, among other plays, will find its way into future Sage concerts.
Their topics include the conversion of Christian II of Denmark in Roman Catholic diplomatic literature 1530-32, narrating conversion and subjecthood in the Venetian-Ottoman borderlands, conversion in James Shirley's St.
After his accession in 1514, Christian II had attempted to consolidate the power of the Union King.
Friedrich initially pledged to oppose the Lutheran movement, and quickly faced opposition from town dwellers who did not wait for the monarch to enact reforms, and who threatened to switch their loyalties back to Christian II if reform demanded it.
Lockhart discusses the Oldenburg kings Christian II, Frederik I, Christian III, Frederik II, Christian IV, and Frederik III, and thoroughly relates special problems and officials in each of these lands under each king.
Coral and serpentine, steel and gilded silver, sprinkled with emeralds, punctuate this dazzling show, which celebrates the patronage of four Electors of Saxony, August, Christian I, Christian II, and his younger brother Johann Georg I.
Captured by the Danes, it was bought forty years later by Elector Christian II and given to his younger brother.
They opened with the Nocturne from the Suite King Christian II by Sibelius.
MARIA HELLEBERG'S recent monumental novel, Kaerlighedsbarn (Love child), focuses on the turbulent love affair between the Danish princess Louis Augusta (1771-1843) and Friedrich Christian II, Duke of Augustenborg, Holsten.
HELLE STANGERUP'S literary biography of Christine, daughter of King Christian II of Denmark, tells the life of a woman of royal descent in Renaissance Europe.
Christian II of Denmark (1481-1559) was not precisely "the medieval king.

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