Christian IV


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Christian IV,

1577–1648, king of Denmark and Norway (1588–1648), son and successor of Frederick II. After assuming (1596) personal rule from a regency, he concentrated on building the navy, industry, and commerce. He rebuilt OsloOslo
, city (1995 pop. 482,555), capital of Norway, of Akershus co., and of Oslo co. (175 sq mi/453 sq km), SE Norway, at the head of the Oslofjord (a deep inlet of the Skagerrak).
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 and renamed it Christiania. Aroused when Charles IXCharles IX,
1550–1611, king of Sweden (1604–11), youngest son of Gustavus I. He was duke of Södermanland, Närke, and Värmland before his accession. During the reign of his brother, John III (1568–92), he opposed John's leanings toward Catholicism.
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 of Sweden asserted authority over Lapland, he made war on Sweden (the so-called Kalmar War, 1611–13) and largely dictated the peace. In the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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, urged on by England, France, and the Netherlands, he invaded (1625) Germany to defend Protestantism. Defeated (1626) by TillyTilly, Johannes Tserklaes, count of
, 1559–1632, general in Bavarian and later imperial service during the Thirty Years War. A younger son of a noble family of Brabant, he served under Duke Alessandro Farnese and against the Turks before entering the service of Duke
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 at Lutter, he was driven back in 1627. Schleswig, Holstein, and Jutland were overrun and plundered; Stralsund was besieged by the imperial troops under WallensteinWallenstein or Waldstein, Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von
, 1583–1634, imperial general in the Thirty Years War, b. Bohemia.
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. Christian, with the help of Gustavus II of Sweden, raised the siege of Stralsund, but in 1629 he signed with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II a separate peace that was lenient to Denmark. His anti-Swedish policy brought on a war with Sweden (1643–45) in which Christian lost the Norwegian provinces of Jamtland and Harjedalen. His son Frederick III succeeded him.

Christian IV

1577--1648, king of Denmark and Norway (1588--1648): defeated in the Thirty Years' War (1629) and by Sweden (1645)
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the most popular of the prolific Tremain's novels, Music and Silence is set in the 17 century court of Danish King Christian IV at a time when the king is struggling to save his kingdom as well as his marriage.
But such patronage abruptly halted when Friedrich died and Christian IV, his 19-year-old son, ascended to the throne.
When the King died and Christian IV, his 19-year-old son, ascended the throne, Brahe fell from grace and left the country.
Lockhart discusses the Oldenburg kings Christian II, Frederik I, Christian III, Frederik II, Christian IV, and Frederik III, and thoroughly relates special problems and officials in each of these lands under each king.
120-27) rather than the Danish original), but Andersen has certainly demonstrated that it is a clever work which should have had a clear meaning for Christian IV.
On the one day of the week that we did have some rain we headed for Frederiksborg Slot to see the superb Frederiksborg Castle, built by the Danish king Christian IV on three islands in the castle lake.
Hansen, "Observations on Georg Brandes's Contribution to the Study of Shakespeare"(148-67); Michael Srigley," 'Heavy-headed revel east and west': Hamlet and Christian IV of Denmark" (168-92); Gunnar Sorelius, "The Stockholm 1944 Anti-Nazi Merchant of Venice: The Uncertainty of Response" (193-206).
As a young widow and mother of three children, she becomes reigning duchess of Lothringen and engages in various schemes and conspiracies to win back the crown of the Nordic countries, but with the birth of Christian IV she must acknowledge that it will remain forever in her cousin's line of the Oldenburg family.
Tycho fell out with King Frederick's son, Christian IV, and left Denmark in high dudgeon in 1597.
But this year, residents of Christiania, named for King Christian IV, who ruled Denmark in the early 17th century, will celebrate the 25th anniversary of their takeover.
This small palace was originally built for King Christian IV, gradually growing in size over 30 years from his first lodge of 1606 to the completed structure, with its towers and gatehouse (Fig.

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