Christian IV

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Christian IV,

1577–1648, king of Denmark and Norway (1588–1648), son and successor of Frederick II. After assuming (1596) personal rule from a regency, he concentrated on building the navy, industry, and commerce. He rebuilt OsloOslo
, city (1995 pop. 482,555), capital of Norway, of Akershus co., and of Oslo co. (175 sq mi/453 sq km), SE Norway, at the head of the Oslofjord (a deep inlet of the Skagerrak).
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 and renamed it Christiania. Aroused when Charles IXCharles IX,
1550–1611, king of Sweden (1604–11), youngest son of Gustavus I. He was duke of Södermanland, Närke, and Värmland before his accession. During the reign of his brother, John III (1568–92), he opposed John's leanings toward Catholicism.
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 of Sweden asserted authority over Lapland, he made war on Sweden (the so-called Kalmar War, 1611–13) and largely dictated the peace. In the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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, urged on by England, France, and the Netherlands, he invaded (1625) Germany to defend Protestantism. Defeated (1626) by TillyTilly, Johannes Tserklaes, count of
, 1559–1632, general in Bavarian and later imperial service during the Thirty Years War. A younger son of a noble family of Brabant, he served under Duke Alessandro Farnese and against the Turks before entering the service of Duke
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 at Lutter, he was driven back in 1627. Schleswig, Holstein, and Jutland were overrun and plundered; Stralsund was besieged by the imperial troops under WallensteinWallenstein or Waldstein, Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von
, 1583–1634, imperial general in the Thirty Years War, b. Bohemia.
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. Christian, with the help of Gustavus II of Sweden, raised the siege of Stralsund, but in 1629 he signed with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II a separate peace that was lenient to Denmark. His anti-Swedish policy brought on a war with Sweden (1643–45) in which Christian lost the Norwegian provinces of Jamtland and Harjedalen. His son Frederick III succeeded him.

Christian IV

1577--1648, king of Denmark and Norway (1588--1648): defeated in the Thirty Years' War (1629) and by Sweden (1645)
References in periodicals archive ?
The 44-year-old from Swansea is in the running to play the "devious and promiscuous" wife of Danish King Christian IV in a movie adaptation of Rose Tremain's award-winning novel Music And Silence.
Founded by King Christian IV in the 17th Century, it boasts some of Norway's finest beaches.
Following are papers on Lutheran rhetorics, catalysts to change, and rex triumphans--the unsurpassed paradigm of Christian IV.
John Dowland was lutenist to King Christian IV at the Royal Court in Denmark, while the composers John Johnson, John Danyel and Anthony Holborne were the great lute composers and players at the court of Elizabeth I in England.
This small palace was originally built for King Christian IV, gradually growing in size over 30 years from his first lodge of 1606 to the completed structure, with its towers and gatehouse (Fig.
A Danish scholar from the University of Strasbourg has proposed that Brahe was poisoned with mercury on the orders of Christian IV, the King of Denmark, because the astronomer had an affair with his mother.
According to scholars, Brahe was poisoned with mercury on the orders of Christian IV, the King of Denmark, because the astronomer had an affair with his mother.
It is divided into two main parts, one about the end of the medieval monarchy (1513-36) and the rebirth of the Oldenburg monarchy (1536-96), and the second, the age of King Christian IV (1597-1660).
He will lead the expedition between July 14 and August 5 and his team of 10 highly experienced climbers will be exploring the remote island of Christian IV.
On the one day of the week that we did have some rain we headed for Frederiksborg Slot to see the superb Frederiksborg Castle, built by the Danish king Christian IV on three islands in the castle lake.

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