Christian IV

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Christian IV,

1577–1648, king of Denmark and Norway (1588–1648), son and successor of Frederick II. After assuming (1596) personal rule from a regency, he concentrated on building the navy, industry, and commerce. He rebuilt OsloOslo
, city (1995 pop. 482,555), capital of Norway, of Akershus co., and of Oslo co. (175 sq mi/453 sq km), SE Norway, at the head of the Oslofjord (a deep inlet of the Skagerrak).
..... Click the link for more information.
 and renamed it Christiania. Aroused when Charles IXCharles IX,
1550–1611, king of Sweden (1604–11), youngest son of Gustavus I. He was duke of Södermanland, Närke, and Värmland before his accession. During the reign of his brother, John III (1568–92), he opposed John's leanings toward Catholicism.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Sweden asserted authority over Lapland, he made war on Sweden (the so-called Kalmar War, 1611–13) and largely dictated the peace. In the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
..... Click the link for more information.
, urged on by England, France, and the Netherlands, he invaded (1625) Germany to defend Protestantism. Defeated (1626) by TillyTilly, Johannes Tserklaes, count of
, 1559–1632, general in Bavarian and later imperial service during the Thirty Years War. A younger son of a noble family of Brabant, he served under Duke Alessandro Farnese and against the Turks before entering the service of Duke
..... Click the link for more information.
 at Lutter, he was driven back in 1627. Schleswig, Holstein, and Jutland were overrun and plundered; Stralsund was besieged by the imperial troops under WallensteinWallenstein or Waldstein, Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von
, 1583–1634, imperial general in the Thirty Years War, b. Bohemia.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Christian, with the help of Gustavus II of Sweden, raised the siege of Stralsund, but in 1629 he signed with Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II a separate peace that was lenient to Denmark. His anti-Swedish policy brought on a war with Sweden (1643–45) in which Christian lost the Norwegian provinces of Jamtland and Harjedalen. His son Frederick III succeeded him.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Christian IV

1577--1648, king of Denmark and Norway (1588--1648): defeated in the Thirty Years' War (1629) and by Sweden (1645)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the most popular of the prolific Tremain's novels, Music and Silence is set in the 17 century court of Danish King Christian IV at a time when the king is struggling to save his kingdom as well as his marriage.
But such patronage abruptly halted when Friedrich died and Christian IV, his 19-year-old son, ascended to the throne.
When the King died and Christian IV, his 19-year-old son, ascended the throne, Brahe fell from grace and left the country.
Lockhart discusses the Oldenburg kings Christian II, Frederik I, Christian III, Frederik II, Christian IV, and Frederik III, and thoroughly relates special problems and officials in each of these lands under each king.
In addition, Andersen argues, it should be seen as a kind of Furstenspiegel, warning the young Danish king Christian IV (1577-1648, acceded 1588) to avoid Siegfried's luxuria, Kremild's avaritia, and Hogen's superbia and to emulate Hvenhild in her liberality and piety.
He will lead the expedition between July 14 and August 5 and his team of 10 highly experienced climbers will be exploring the remote island of Christian IV.
On the one day of the week that we did have some rain we headed for Frederiksborg Slot to see the superb Frederiksborg Castle, built by the Danish king Christian IV on three islands in the castle lake.
Jacob Rathgeb tells us in 1592 that: 'This is the most splendid and magnificent royal palace that may be found in England or indeed in any other kingdom', and a similar view was held by the diarist of Christian IV of Denmark and Norway (r.1588-1648), who wrote in 1606 that 'the castle of Hampton Court is the finest in all England'.
Hansen, "Observations on Georg Brandes's Contribution to the Study of Shakespeare"(148-67); Michael Srigley," 'Heavy-headed revel east and west': Hamlet and Christian IV of Denmark" (168-92); Gunnar Sorelius, "The Stockholm 1944 Anti-Nazi Merchant of Venice: The Uncertainty of Response" (193-206).
As a young widow and mother of three children, she becomes reigning duchess of Lothringen and engages in various schemes and conspiracies to win back the crown of the Nordic countries, but with the birth of Christian IV she must acknowledge that it will remain forever in her cousin's line of the Oldenburg family.
The Danish King Christian IV, who sent Jens Munk on the journey to Hudson Bay, claimed sovereignty over the land Munk discovered, and planned to send Danish settlers to the area on a later voyage.

Full browser ?