Christina


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Christina

(krĭstē`nə), 1626–89, queen of Sweden (1632–54), daughter and successor of Gustavus II. From her father's death (1632) until 1644 she was under a regency headed by Chancellor Axel OxenstiernaOxenstierna, Count Axel Gustafsson
, 1583–1654, Swedish statesman. Named chancellor in 1612, he was the actual administrator of Sweden because Gustavus II was continually occupied with foreign campaigns.
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. Her early devotion to state affairs soon gave place to other interests, especially a zeal for learning. She attracted many foreign artists and scholars—including Descartes—to her court. Music and literature, especially the poetry of Jorge Stiernhielm (1598–1672), were encouraged. On her favorites she lavished titles, lands, and money, and by the end of her reign half of the crown lands had been given away. Her distaste for marriage caused her to designate her cousin Charles (later Charles X) as her successor. Weary of her duties and the growing antagonism of the nobles, and attracted to Catholicism, Christina abdicated in 1654. She left Sweden attired as a man, was received into the Catholic Church at Innsbruck in 1655, and settled at Rome. Her eccentricity and financial incompetence kept her affairs in continual disorder. On the death (1660) of Charles X, Christina returned to Sweden; she hoped to regain her throne but failed. She again went to Sweden in 1667 but was refused entrance into Stockholm because of her religion. She died in Rome and was buried at St. Peter's.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. L. Goldsmith (1933), A. Neumann (tr. 1935), S. Stolpc (1960, tr. 1966), C. H. J. Weibull (1960, tr. 1966), G. Masson (1968), and V. Buckley (2004).

Christina

1626--89, queen of Sweden (1632--54), daughter of Gustavus Adolphus, noted particularly for her patronage of literature
References in periodicals archive ?
Christina had a tendency to cling to Jaffe, emotionally and physically.
It was Hilary's partner Karl Ford, an accountant aged 37, who dialled the number and first spoke to Christina before passing the phone over to Hilary, who said: "There's something coming out of me!
They, along with other family and friends, had worn purple ribbons and clothing during the brief court hearing at Birmingham Crown Court - Christina's favourite colour.
Christina Edkins was killed by a stab wound to the chest as she was on a bus making her way to school on Thursday, March 7.
Christina's parents Jason and Kathleen led her family into the 300-year-old building which was packed with those wanting to pay their respects.
Washington, May 9 ( ANI ): Christina Aguilera is said to be furious with Adam Levine's digs at her on the current season of 'The Voice'.
But when he's also the Minister for the Arts and the book is devoted to his great-great aunt, the under-recognised Christina Macpherson, the Honourable Ted Baillieu, Premier of Victoria, willingly agreed.
LIVERPOOL Chamber of Commerce's training arm has named Christina Doyle as its Apprentice of the Year.
Summary: Following the release of Christina Aguilera's first film, Burlesque, comparisons between her and Britney Spears have resurfaced.
A HONEYMOON spent in an air raid shelter might not sound like the best way to celebrate a wedding but it didn't harm Len and Christina Stephens' marriage.
Despite this trying time in her life, Christina graduated from York University, and then from Brock University where she pursued her dream of becoming a teacher.
Calum MacInnes had been dumped by mum-of-four Christina Cameron, 45, before the 20ft plunge into the water.