Christina


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Christina

(krĭstē`nə), 1626–89, queen of Sweden (1632–54), daughter and successor of Gustavus II. From her father's death (1632) until 1644 she was under a regency headed by Chancellor Axel OxenstiernaOxenstierna, Count Axel Gustafsson
, 1583–1654, Swedish statesman. Named chancellor in 1612, he was the actual administrator of Sweden because Gustavus II was continually occupied with foreign campaigns.
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. Her early devotion to state affairs soon gave place to other interests, especially a zeal for learning. She attracted many foreign artists and scholars—including Descartes—to her court. Music and literature, especially the poetry of Jorge Stiernhielm (1598–1672), were encouraged. On her favorites she lavished titles, lands, and money, and by the end of her reign half of the crown lands had been given away. Her distaste for marriage caused her to designate her cousin Charles (later Charles X) as her successor. Weary of her duties and the growing antagonism of the nobles, and attracted to Catholicism, Christina abdicated in 1654. She left Sweden attired as a man, was received into the Catholic Church at Innsbruck in 1655, and settled at Rome. Her eccentricity and financial incompetence kept her affairs in continual disorder. On the death (1660) of Charles X, Christina returned to Sweden; she hoped to regain her throne but failed. She again went to Sweden in 1667 but was refused entrance into Stockholm because of her religion. She died in Rome and was buried at St. Peter's.

Bibliography

See biographies by M. L. Goldsmith (1933), A. Neumann (tr. 1935), S. Stolpc (1960, tr. 1966), C. H. J. Weibull (1960, tr. 1966), G. Masson (1968), and V. Buckley (2004).

Christina

1626--89, queen of Sweden (1632--54), daughter of Gustavus Adolphus, noted particularly for her patronage of literature
References in periodicals archive ?
While Christina seems comfortable talking about her transition from working for the government to being a private sector employee, she is taken aback when her former coworker asks her about her previous team.
Christina specialises in acquiring, developing, redeveloping, financing, syndicating and operating investment grade multi-family residential and commercial income-producing properties in the West Los Angeles, California including Beverly Hills, Brentwood, Century City, Malibu, Santa Monica, Westwood, West Hollywood, and Venice/Silicon Beach areas.
Take, for example, "Christina's World," painted by Andrew Wyeth in 1948 and inspired by a woman named Christina Olson.
ACTOR Roger Moore has been left heartbroken after stepdaughter Christina Knudsen died aged 47.
ENERGETIC, EAGER AND ENTHUSIASTIC ARE APT DESCRIPTIONS FOR CHRISTINA SAUNDERSON, OWNER OF AFRICAN IMAGE DESIGNS AND EVENTS.
Christina suffered the first confirmed case in the outbreak of meningococcemia on the UO campus that would later sicken two other students who recovered and kill Lauren Jones, 18, a member of the UO acrobatics and tumbling team.
A front-page photograph in The New York Post, under the headline "The Only Survivor,'' shows the officer clutching Christina Rivera, 13 months old, a pacifier in the child's mouth.
THE devastated parents of Christina Edkins saw their daughter's knife killer jailed and then said: ''Nothing will restore Christina to us.
Christina Edkins was killed by a stab wound to the chest as she was on a bus making her way to school on Thursday March 7.
Speaking before the service on behalf of Christina's family, her cousin Stephen Newby said: "Today we will say goodbye to Christina.
ORGANISERS of a tribute to murdered Birmingham schoolgirl Christina Edkins cancelled the event yesterday after they claimed two of her friends had received internet death threats.
Washington, May 9 ( ANI ): Christina Aguilera is said to be furious with Adam Levine's digs at her on the current season of 'The Voice'.