Christmas Island


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Christmas Island,

atoll: see KiritimatiKiritimati
, largest atoll in the Pacific (1990 pop. 2,537), 222 sq mi (575 sq km), in the Line Islands, one of the island groups that compose the Republic of Kiribati. It was previously called Christmas Island when it made up part of the former British colony of the Gilbert and
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.

Christmas Island,

tropical island (2016 pop. 1,843), 60 sq mi (155 sq km), an external territory of Australia, in the Indian Ocean c.200 mi (320 km) S of Java. The majority of the inhabitants are descendants of Chinese and Malays who came to work the extensive phosphate deposits. Mining began in the 1890s and stopped in 1987 as high-quality deposits were exhausted. It was revived in 1990 to extract lower-grade phosphate. Much of the island is now a national park, and there is limited tourism. The island was annexed by Great Britain in 1888 and became part of the former Straits SettlementsStraits Settlements,
collective name for certain former British colonies in Southeast Asia. The three British East India Company territories of Pinang, Singapore, and Malacca (see Melaka) were given a unified administration in 1826 and called the Straits Settlements.
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 in 1889. In 1958 it was ceded to Australia. The island has been used to detain and process Asian asylum seekers who are intercepted at sea and to hold criminals who have had their visas revoked.

Christmas Island

 

an island in the eastern Indian Ocean. Governed by the Commonwealth of Australia. Area, 156 sq km. Population, 3,400 (1970 estimate). Christmas Island has elevations to 356 m. The vegetation is tropical. There are extensive phosphate deposits on the island.


Christmas Island

 

one of the largest atolls in the Pacific Ocean, in the Line Islands. Part of the British Gilbert Islands possession. Area, 359 sq km. Circumference, 260 km. Population, 367 (1968). There are coconut plantations on the island; pearling is an important industry. Christmas Island was discovered by J. Cook in 1777.

Christmas Island

1. the former name (until 1981) of Kiritimati
2. an island in the Indian Ocean, south of Java: administered by Singapore (1900--58), now by Australia; phosphate mining. Pop.: 1500 (2004 est.). Area: 135 sq. km (52 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Priya was able to make contact with family and friends when they arrived at Christmas Island.
Woinarski concludes that the main culprit was the tree-climbing Wolf Snake, its spread across Christmas Island coinciding closely with the bat's retreat.
Ann said: "Justin joined the forces and a military dentist asked if he'd been to Christmas Island. He said no, but his dad had.
"It is a hardened criminal population that occupies the immigration detention center on Christmas Island," he said.
Han Sayyed, mother of detained 21-year-old Yehya Rifai, said the men left Lebanon on June 10 and stayed in Indonesia for a month before reaching Christmas Island.
Christmas Island, located 310 miles south of Jakarta, Indonesia, is a popular destination for asylum seekers who crowd into rickety boats at Indonesian ports and pay smugglers to take them to Australian shores.
"The vessel was 120 nautical miles north of Christmas Island with reportedly 105 people on board," an AMSA spokeswoman said, adding that an alert was issued to shipping in the area.
Sydney, Shawwal 13, 1434, Aug 20, 2013, SPA -- More than 100 asylum seekers were rescued from an Indonesian fishing boat that partially sank in the Indian Ocean, about 220 kilometres from Australia's Christmas Island, officials said Tuesday.
NNA - Australia's navy began rescuing 105 people from a crowded asylum-seeker boat on Tuesday after it ran into difficulties about 120 nautical miles north of Australia's Christmas Island territory in the Indian Ocean, Reuters reported.
The boat rolled over in choppy seas 78 miles (125km) north of Christmas Island yesterday, Home Affairs Minister Jason Clare told reporters.
Beijing, July 13 (Xinhua-ANI): The Australian government said on Saturday that a asylum seekers' boat sank close to the country' s northwestern Christmas Island on Friday night, leaving at least one baby boy dead and eight others missing, while 88 survivors were rescued.

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