Christo

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Christo

(krĭs`tō), 1935–2020, Bulgarian-American artist, b. Gabrovo as Christo Vladimirov Javacheff, studied Sofia, Vienna, and Paris. His early experiments in assemblage led to his trademark device of wrapping, obscuring, or otherwise altering familiar objects or landscapes with cloth and other materials, and thus simultaneously concealing, revealing, and transforming them. From 1958 on he worked with his wife and artistic partner, Jeanne-Claude (Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebon), 1935–2009, b. Casablanca, grad. Univ. of Tunis, 1952. The two met in Paris and moved to New York City in 1964. A leading figure in conceptual artconceptual art,
art movement that began in the 1960s and stresses the artist's concept rather than the art object itself. Growing out of minimalism, conceptual art turned the artist's thoughts and ideas themselves into the primary artistic medium, appealing to the spectator's
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, Christo, in collaboration with Jeanne-Claude and a team of helpers, specialized in large-scale temporary outdoor installations. Running Fence (1976), a shimmering white nylon fabric curtain, was strung more than 24 mi (39 km) across the rolling N California landscape. Other projects included surrounding 11 islands in Florida's Biscayne Bay with floating hot-pink fabric (1983), wrapping the Pont Neuf in Paris (1985), concurrent installations of thousands of 20-ft (6-m) tall umbrellas—blue near Tokyo and yellow near Los Angeles (1991), and wrapping Berlin's Reichstag in silvery fabric (1995). On the paths of New York City's Central Park the two created (2005) The Gates, a meandering installation of more than 7,500 rectangular, 16-ft-tall (5-m) gates, each hung, to about halfway down, with a saffron-colored fabric panel. The Floating Piers (2016), a saffron walkway across Italy's Lake Iseo to its main island and an islet, was Christo's first major project after Jeanne-Claude's death. The London Mastaba (2018), a 66-ft-tall (20-m) trapezoidal pyramid afloat in a Hyde Park lake, was composed of 7,506 painted, horizontally stacked barrels.

Bibliography

See dual biography by B. Chernow (2002); studies by D. Laporte (1986), J. Schellmann and J. Benecke (1988), M. Vaizey (1990), and J. Baal-Teshuva (1995); D. and A. Maysles, dir., documentary films: Christo's Valley Curtain (1974), Running Fence (1978), Islands (1986), Christo in Paris (1990), and Umbrellas (1995).

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Christo

(1935–)
Born Christo Vladimirov Javacheff in Bulgaria and married to Jeanne-Claude (1935–2009), who together created environmental works of art. Their work included wrapping of the Reichstag in Berlin, and the Pont-Neuf Bridge in Paris, the 24-mile Running Fences in Marin County, CA, and The Gates (illus.), in New York’s Central Park.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

Christo

full name Christo Jaracheff. born 1935, US artist, born in Bulgaria; best known for works in which he wraps buildings, monuments, or natural features in canvas or plastic
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Christo and Jeanne-Claude always documented the planning of their work, offering a singular insight into the ambition (and the gall) required to create large-scale public art.
Open to UAE-based students and graduates within the last six years, The Christo and Jeanne-Claude Award was established to encourage the creation of new artwork in the UAE, acting as a launch pad for visual artists across the Emirates and offering the winner an insight into professional life as an artist from commission to exhibition.
Christo and Jeanne-Claude negotiated easement agreements with sixty owners and lessees whose property the fence crossed.
The students received around $10,000 (Dh36,725) as part of the prize, the Christo and Jeanne-Claude Award announced in Abu Dhabi.
The Christo and Jeanne-Claude Award, under the patronage of Sheikha Shamsa bint Hamdan Al Nahyan, and presented by NYU Abu Dhabi (NYUAD) Institute in partnership with Abu Dhabi Music & Arts Foundation (ADMAF), was initiated last year to nurture talent and serve as a launch pad for young artists.
No, they must be built, Christo and Jeanne-Claude insisted.
So he covered it with tarpaulin to avoid a row in the Derbyshire village of Sutton-on-the Hill, and in doing so unwittingly paid tribute to artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude who wrap famous buildings such as Berlin's Reichstag.
Unknowns thus jostle for space with major figures such as Christo and Jeanne-Claude (Doug Adams highlights the Christian aspects of their work).
IT IS TEMPTING TO SEE PAUL LEATHERS AND TRUDY GOLley as a craft equivalent of Christo and Jeanne-Claude. Both couples have travelled the world as artists, seeking to engage creatively with their new sites.
The volume's 15 contributors--scholars from several disciplines (art history, early Christianity, systematic theology, sacramental theology, spirituality); ecclesial leaders and ministers; and at least two artists--each critically engages the work of a modern artist (e.g., Ginger Henry Geyer, George Gittoes, Christo and Jeanne-Claude, or Kathe Kollwitz) or a specific contemporary piece in a variety of media (painting, sculpture, film, architecture), to illuminate modern art or art that lies "outside the usual canon of current arts practice" (58) and often with an "artistic but not religious" designation, as a viable muse for the rich interplay between theology and the arts.
Special features include a press conference with Christo and Jeanne-Claude, the masterminds behind The Gates, as well as a photo gallery with over fifty photographs by executive producer Mark Terk.