Christoph Scheiner

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Scheiner, Christoph

(krĭs`tôf shīn`ər), 1579?–1650, German astronomer and mathematician, a Jesuit priest. He taught at Ingolstadt, Rome, and elsewhere and became rector of a Jesuit college at Neisse, Germany, in 1622. His observation of sunspots in 1611 was recorded in two works (1612) and resulted in a controversy with Galileo, who claimed that he was the first to discover sunspots. Scheiner made over 2,000 observations of the sun and embodied the results of his studies in Rosa ursina (1630). His pioneer research on the physiology of vision appeared in his Oculus (1619).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scheiner, Christoph


Born July 25, 1575, in Wald, near the city of Mindelheim; died July 18,1650, in Neisse. German astronomer, physicist, and mathematician.

Scheiner’s principal works were in the field of observational astronomy. In 1611, independently of Galileo and I. Fabricius, he discovered spots and faculae on the sun and determined the period of the sun’s rotation and the tilt of its axis relative to the plane of the ecliptic. In 1613, Scheiner constructed a telescope that is considered the world’s first refractor.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Renaissance scholars speedily turned their new optics to the skies, and four independent discoveries of sunspots were made from 1610 to 1612 by David Fabricius, Thomas Harriot, Christoph Scheiner, and Galileo Galilei.
We see Gassendi getting help with Greek, collecting and distributing astronomical observations, and working to reconcile hostile parties, such as Galileo and the Jesuit Christoph Scheiner, or Descartes and the artisan Ferrier.
The observational record of sunspots begins around 1610 with systematic telescopic counts by Galileo, Christoph Scheiner, and others.