Christopher Wren


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Wren, Christopher

 

Born Oct. 20, 1632, in East Knoyle, Wiltshire; died Feb. 25, 1723, at Hampton Court. English architect and scientist.

Wren studied mathematics at Oxford between 1649 and 1653. He became a professor of astronomy in London in 1657 and at Oxford in 1661. From 1681 to 1683 he was president of the Royal Society of London. Turning to architecture in the 1660’s, he became an eminent representative of English classicism. Although his plan for rebuilding London after the Great Fire of 1666 was not implemented, Wren erected a number of houses and churches in the city. This work was marked by great variety in the resolution of structural and spatial problems (Church of St. Mary-le-Bow, 1680). Wren’s greatest achievement was St. Paul’s Cathedral in London (1675–1710), the largest Protestant church in the world. The cathedral harmoniously combines a long nave with a domed crossing. Other structures built by Wren in London include the majestic hospitals in Chelsea (1694) and Greenwich (1616–1728). Wren was also responsible for much of the architecture in university cities (Trinity College Library, Cambridge, 1676–84).

REFERENCES

The Wren Society, vols. 1–20. Oxford, 1924–43.
Gould, H. Sir Christopher Wren: Renaissance Architect, Philosopher, and Scientist. New York, 1970.
Whinney, M. Wren. London, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Not seen since that York run, Christopher Wren kicked off his National Hunt career at Chepstow last month, finishing six lengths behind Golden Gael when second in a novice heat.
Jardine contends that throughout the 1670's Hooke worked tirelessly with his intimate friend Christopher Wren to rebuild London, personally designing many public and private buildings.
Let us observe that in the history of the Scientific Revolution we see Copernicuses, Galileos, Keplers, and Newtons on the one hand, but also Leonardo da Vincis, Michaelangelos, Shakespeares, John Donnes, and the likes of the architect of Saint Paul's Cathedral, Christopher Wren, on the other.
But he was not alone, for this astonishing 17th-century group who were the original members of the Royal Society included Christopher Wren, celebrated as an architect but much, much more than that.
A rotunda intended as a monument to Charles I was, in fact, designed by Christopher Wren in about 1678, but its construction was never undertaken, perhaps, as Potter says, because Charles II's relations with Parliament deteriorated.
Paul's Cathedral in London, on the inconspicuous tomb of its architect, Christopher Wren, are engraved the words Si monumentum requiris, circumspice- roughly, "If you would seek his monument, look around you.
It has Britain's grandest collection of 16th and 17th Century buildings and none is more splendid than the Royal Naval College, built by Sir Christopher Wren as a hospital.
Christopher Wren, GSA Program Director of the Seat Program Office said: "Some would measure this effort in terms of its size, I measure this award in terms of its groundbreaking impact - the first Task Order in the DoD Community.
Which building designed by Sir Christopher Wren can be found on Ludgate Hill, London?
Schizophrenic architect Christopher Wren, Ryan Saunders, is as bouncy and happy as he is creepy.
CHRISTOPHER Wren appears to have a good chance of securing a first success over fences at Fakenham.