The new printing techniques of chromolithography allowed the forms to grow more solid and tactile, even as the colours and settings became more heavy and loud.
Unlike the Battala engravings and Kalighat paintings with their flat bright colours and stylized forms of narration, the 'Sundari' series flaunts a brand of greater realism with tonal and colour gradations that were possible only because of the technique of chromolithography.
The realistic setting of the inner quarter of the house with its chequered marble floor, and the technological superiority of chromolithography, succeed in producing a credible and human-like figure of Gouranga in this picture.
By the century's end, competing technologies, especially photography and chromolithography
, overshadowed hand-colored lithography.
In the late nineteenth century, however, a decline set in due to the advent of chromolithography
, an urban-based industrial process that made it possible to produce high-quality decorative images on a commercial scale at a lower price.
A History of Chromolithography is densely researched and richly illustrated (its 700 pages have almost 900 colour illustrations), but also eminently readable.
Chromolithography then spread so quickly and widely that it is sometimes credited with democratising colour printing; by the mid 1840s material printed in colour was available to all for the first time.
The first three parts, all rewarding book-length contributions, survey the global history of chromolithography and reveal the inner workings of the trade and production processes.
Twyman, however, emphasises that he uses it 'non-judgementally' to encompass varied categories of production rather than attempting to distinguish between fluid categories of, for instance, commercial chromolithography and fine art colour lithographs.
This vibrant survey--it contains 850 colour illustrations--examines the evolution of chromolithography
from its origins in the early 19th century to its commercial decline and artistic revival in the mid 20th century.