Crohn's disease

(redirected from Chron's disease)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Chron's disease: ulcerative colitis, colitis

colitis

colitis, inflammation of the colon, or large intestine. The term “colitis” may be used to refer to any of a number of disorders involving the colon. Symptoms include diarrhea (often with blood and mucus), abdominal pain, and fever.

Ulcerative colitis is a serious chronic inflammation and ulceration of the lining of the colon and rectum. Another form of colitis, called Crohn's disease, has similar signs and includes thickening of the intestinal wall. The disease typically occurs in the small intestine near the point where it joins the colon, but the colon and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract may be affected as well. The term “inflammatory bowel disease” has been used to refer to both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, the causes of which are unknown. A less severe disorder, known as irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, was formerly called mucous colitis.

Colitis is sometimes caused by infections with viruses, parasites, or bacteria. For example, two distinct types of dysentery are caused by amebas and bacteria. Infectious forms of colitis are often the result of poor hygienic practices. Prolonged use of antibiotics can also cause colitis, either by direct irritation of the colon or by killing bacteria that normally live in the intestine, allowing the toxin-producing bacterium Clostridium difficile to proliferate. Colitis is also sometimes caused by diverticulitis (see under diverticulosis) or by colon cancer.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Crohn's disease

[′krōnz diz‚ēz]
(medicine)
Chronic inflammation of the colon and stomach of unknown etiology that involves the full thickness of the intestinal wall, often with bowel narrowing and obstruction of the lumen. It is usually accompanied by granulomas; and abdominal cramps, alteration of bowel function, and diminished food intake are common.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is under review for the treatment of complex perianal fistulas in adult patients with non-active/mildly active luminal Chron's disease, when fistulas have shown an inadequate response to at least one conventional or biologic therapy.
People suffering from digestive tract disorders such as Chron's disease, colitis, and colon cancer are treated with drugs that can have side effects, some merely unpleasant but others potentially harmful.
RVI patient Jennifer Rodenby, of Sunderland, who suffers from Chron's disease, knows what name she wants.
Judith Chuhan, 63, opened her Nunthorpe home up for the fifth year running to raise money for the National Association for Colitis and Chron's disease.
A victim of Chron's disease, a chronic inflammatory disease of the digestive system, O'Connor had his last rides at Wexford on July 7 and announced his retirement, on medical advice, two months later.