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(prŏs'tətī`tĭs), inflammation of the prostate glandprostate gland,
gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is an organ about the size of a chestnut and consists of glandular and muscular tissue. It is situated below the neck of the bladder, encircling the urethra.
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. Acute prostatitis is usually a result of infection in the urinary tract or infection carried by the blood; in many cases the infection spreads from the urethra and is contracted through sexual transmission. Symptoms include fever, low back pain, and difficulty or pain in urination; the gland is tender and swollen. Infection, caused by a variety of pathogenic bacteria and certain protozoans, is treated by an appropriate antibioticantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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. Healing is usually complete, but the condition may become chronic if the infecting organism persists.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland caused by gonococcal, staphylococcal, streptococcal, or tuberculous infection, trichomonads, or other factors. The symptoms of acute prostatitis are a burning sensation in the urethra, frequent and painful urination, and the presence of pus in the urine; other possible symptoms are elevated temperature, a sharp pain in the perineum, and acute retention of urine. All the symptoms are more pronounced if the prostate is abscessed. Chronic prostatitis may result from acute prostatitis or develop as an independent illness; it is characterized by malaise, dull pain in the perineum and lumbosacral region, impairment of sexual function, and frequent urination.

Treatment of acute prostatitis includes bed rest, antimicrobial therapy, application of heat, and the administration of pain relievers and antispasmodics. Surgery is indicated if an abscess has formed. Chronic prostatitis is treated with massage of the prostate and pelotherapy in addition to the above measures.


Pytel’, A. Ia., and N. A. Lopatkin. Urologiia. Moscow, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of the prostate.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
For patients with acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis, inflammation of the prostate would likely enhance prostatic penetration of fosfomycin, and prostatic fluid or secretion concentrations would be expected to be even greater than those reported by Gardiner et al.
Rodriguez-Pardo et al., "Long-term fosfomycin-tromethamine oral therapy for difficult-to-treat chronic bacterial prostatitis," Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol.
There are several differences in treatment recommendations for acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis (40-48).
Chronic bacterial prostatitis: an evolving clinical enigma.
The patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis were divided into three groups--the first group included 20 patients with pathospermia complicated chronic bacterial prostatitis (the group consisted of 20 people).
Patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis, urinary tract infection within a year, significant medical problems, prior treatment with alpha-blockers, concomitant use of other prostatic medications, or use of medications potentially inhibiting lower urinary tract function were excluded.
There are four categories of prostatitis: acute bacterial prostatitis (category I), chronic bacterial prostatitis (category II), chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (category III), and asymptomatic prostatitis (category IV).
Almost 9% of Canadian men experience some prostatitis symptoms over the course of a year, in about 6%, the symptoms are a bother,[sup.1] with approximately a third experiencing a remission of symptoms over a year during follow-up.[sup.2] Men with clinically significant prostatitis symptoms account for about 3% of Canadian male outpatient visits[sup.3] and causes significant morbidity[sup.4] and cost.[sup.5] Less than 10% of the patients suffer from acute or chronic bacterial prostatitis, conditions which are well-defined by clinical and microbiologic parameters and usually amenable to antimicrobial therapy.

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