prostatitis

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prostatitis

(prŏs'tətī`tĭs), inflammation of the prostate glandprostate gland,
gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is an organ about the size of a chestnut and consists of glandular and muscular tissue. It is situated below the neck of the bladder, encircling the urethra.
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. Acute prostatitis is usually a result of infection in the urinary tract or infection carried by the blood; in many cases the infection spreads from the urethra and is contracted through sexual transmission. Symptoms include fever, low back pain, and difficulty or pain in urination; the gland is tender and swollen. Infection, caused by a variety of pathogenic bacteria and certain protozoans, is treated by an appropriate antibioticantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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. Healing is usually complete, but the condition may become chronic if the infecting organism persists.

Prostatitis

 

acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland caused by gonococcal, staphylococcal, streptococcal, or tuberculous infection, trichomonads, or other factors. The symptoms of acute prostatitis are a burning sensation in the urethra, frequent and painful urination, and the presence of pus in the urine; other possible symptoms are elevated temperature, a sharp pain in the perineum, and acute retention of urine. All the symptoms are more pronounced if the prostate is abscessed. Chronic prostatitis may result from acute prostatitis or develop as an independent illness; it is characterized by malaise, dull pain in the perineum and lumbosacral region, impairment of sexual function, and frequent urination.

Treatment of acute prostatitis includes bed rest, antimicrobial therapy, application of heat, and the administration of pain relievers and antispasmodics. Surgery is indicated if an abscess has formed. Chronic prostatitis is treated with massage of the prostate and pelotherapy in addition to the above measures.

REFERENCE

Pytel’, A. Ia., and N. A. Lopatkin. Urologiia. Moscow, 1970.

prostatitis

[‚präs·tə′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the prostate.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a Turkish population, category 2 patients constitute 7% of all chronic prostatitis patients which is consistent with the NIH classification of prostatitis data.
The biopsy showed evidence of focal acute and chronic prostatitis. Meropenem at a dose of 1 g was administered intravenously q 8 hours for 2 weeks followed by outpatient intravenous ertapenem 1 g OD for 4 weeks.
Treatment of chronic prostatitis and prostatodynia with pollen extract.
Zeitlin, "Muscle tenderness in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: The chronic prostatitis cohort study," The Journal of Urology, vol.
In men, chlamydial infection can cause urethritis, epididymitis, and chronic prostatitis, and it may also play a role in male infertility (17-20).
It is known that chronic prostatitis occurring as complication of bladder outlet obstruction or after an old prostate biopsy is a common finding.
The patients were divided into three groups of equal numbers based on their histopathologic findings: prostate cancer (Group 1), benign prostate hyperplasia (Group 2) and chronic prostatitis (Group 3).
A CHRONIC prostatitis - long-term inflammation of the prostate gland - is a difficult condition to treat.
The pathology report was defined as benign hyperplasia, benign hyperplasia with small foci of chronic prostatitis, or hyperplasia benign with chronic prostatitis.
"We found that anywhere from 1% to 2.5% of men report symptoms suggestive of interstitial cystitis and a similar number report symptoms suggestive of chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain," said Dr.
Chronic prostatitis takes one of the first places among the diseases of the male reproductive system (1, 2).

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