tonsillitis

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Related to Chronic tonsillitis: tonsillectomy, Tonsil stones

tonsillitis

inflammation of the palatine tonsils, causing enlargement, occasionally to the extent that they nearly touch one another

Tonsillitis

 

inflammation of the tonsils, especially the palatine tonsils. The inflammation may be acute (seeANGINA) or chronic. Although chronic tonsillitis may develop independently, it more frequently follows episodes of catarrhal tonsillitis or of other infectious diseases—such as scarlet fever, measles, and diphtheria—that are accompanied by inflammation of the pharyngeal mucous membranes.

Allergy to streptococci and adenoviruses is an important factor in the development of tonsillitis. In cases of chronic tonsillitis, there is ulceration of the mucosa, granulation, small abscesses within the tonsils themselves, and proliferation of the connective tissues. In its simple form, chronic tonsillitis is characterized by local symptoms only—for example, sore throat; in its toxic-allergic form, it is accompanied by such general symptoms as persistent cervical lymphadenitis, elevated body temperature, and cardiac changes. Chronic tonsillitis may contribute to the development or aggravation of other diseases, such as rheumatism, nephritis, and thyrotoxicosis.

Simple chronic tonsillitis is treated by antimicrobial means, irrigation of the lateral lacunae, or physiotherapy. Tonsillectomy, or surgical removal of the tonsils, may be prescribed in cases of pronounced toxic-allergic tonsillitis.

REFERENCES

Lopotko, I. A., and O. Iu. Lakotkina. Ostryi i khronicheskii tonzillit, ikh oslozhneniia i sviaz’ s drugimi zabolevaniiami. Leningrad, 1963.
Preobrazhenskii, B. S., and G. N. Popova. Angina, chronicheskii tonzillit i sopriazhennye s nimi zabolevaniia. Moscow, 1970.
Fioretti, A. Die Gaumenmandel. Stuttgart, 1961.

G. N. POPOVA

tonsillitis

[‚tan·sə′līd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the tonsils.
References in periodicals archive ?
3] in the subepithelial regions (55%) in TH and RT, while the presence of these cells in the germinative centers and in interfollicular regions were significantly different in both forms of chronic tonsillitis (Table 2).
We found it particularly difficult to find patients with chronic tonsillitis and dyspepsia who did not have a history of antibiotic use during the previous month.
But why I'm really recommending the operation is because having chronic tonsillitis is a huge drain on your immune system.
So do abscesses around the tonsils, chronic tonsillitis, and infections of small pockets (crypts) within the tonsils that produce bad smelling, cheesy-like formations.
So do abscesses around the tonsils, chronic tonsillitis, and infections of small pocket (crypts) within the tonsils that produce bad smelling, cheesy-like formations.
Stierman's patients, Austin-resident Evie Ellis, had suffered from chronic tonsillitis for six years.
Special attention was given to the presenting complaints, any precipitating factors like toothache, quinsy, any history of foreign body ingestion, any recent iatrogenic trauma like endoscopic procedure, tooth extraction, a/c tonsillitis or parotitis, any relevant past history like recurrent toothache, chronic tonsillitis and history of conditions of immunosuppression like diabetes mellitus, chemotherapy, steroid treatment, chronic renal failure or chronic liver failure.
Objectives: Chronic tonsillitis (CT)-adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is the most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is one of the most common reasons of nocturnal hypoxia in children.
Conversely, if one were to examine a cross-section of a tonsil affected by severe chronic tonsillitis, it would demonstrate scarring and adhesion of the tonsillar capsule to the underlying scarred and thinned SCoM, thus obscuring the peritonsillar space.
It is important to note, however, that for children with recurrent or chronic tonsillitis, I do remove the entire tonsil to reduce the risk of future infection and the possible need for a second operation caused by regrowth.
Schwimmer, who was seeking management expertise and funding for his business, a Dallas-based ENT practice called "The Snoring Center," which treats snoring, chronic tonsillitis, sleep apnea and nasal allergies.
Chronic tonsillitis remains the single most common indication for tonsillectomy.

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