Chrysippus


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Chrysippus

(krĭs`ĭpəs), c.280–c.207 B.C., Greek Stoic philosopher, b. Soli, Cilicia. He was a disciple of Cleanthes and succeeded him as head of the Academy in Athens. After Zeno, the founder of StoicismStoicism
, school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium (in Cyprus) c.300 B.C. The first Stoics were so called because they met in the Stoa Poecile [Gr.,=painted porch], at Athens, a colonnade near the Agora, to hear their master Zeno lecture.
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, Chrysippus is considered the most eminent of the school. He systematized Stoicism and reconciled the factions that threatened to split the school. Chrysippus wrote with exquisite logic but also gave great weight to prophecy and the irrational. Only fragments of his work survive.

Bibliography

See J. B. Gould, The Philosophy of Chrysippus (1970).

Chrysippus

 

Born circa 280 B.C. in Soli, in Cilicia; died 208 or 205 B.C. Greek philosopher.

Chrysippus is considered the second founder of Stoicism after Zeno of Citium and its chief systematizer. He became head of the Stoic school in Athens after the death of Cleanthes in 232 B.C. Chrysippus wrote more than 700 works, about half of which are devoted to problems of logic; however, only fragments of these works have survived. He elaborated the logic of propositions and established the principle of bivalence, which became the ontological premise of classical logic.

WORKS

Stoicorum veterum fragmenta, vols. 2–3. Edited by H. von Arnim. Stuttgart, 1968.

REFERENCE

Bréhier, E. F. Chrysippe et I’ancienne stoϊcisme. Paris, 1951.
References in classic literature ?
The nineteen following lines from another recension of lines 889-900, 924-9 are quoted by Chrysippus (in Galen).
Calcidius does not merely first render a view attributed to Zeno and Chrysippus and then one which parallels Posidonius; a distinctly Peripatetic veneer is added.
Chrysippus stops saying "Yes" while it is still clear to him that the number under discussion is small: "like a skilled charioteer, I will rein in my horses before I come to the boundary, especially if the horses are going towards a cliff" (Cicero, Academica II.
CHRYSIPPUS Last laugh at a donkey GREEK philosopher Chrysippus died laughing in 207 BC.
After all, in a polemic against Chrysippus, Galen assigns a single virtue to each part of the soul and argues that only one virtue can belong to each part.
From the beginning, Sellars notes, there were debates among the Stoics on the nature of emotion; thus, for example, Chrysippus seems to have described emotions as judgments, whereas Zeno has understood them as the result of judgments.
Donini rightly argues, Plutarch is not considering a position that Chrysippus could have held: see `Plutarco e il Determinismo di Crisippo', in Aspetti dello Stoicismo e dell' Epicureismo in Plutarco; Quaderni del Giornale Filologico Ferrarese 9 (Ferrara, 1988), pp.
virtue) could never be lost (it was anapobletos), while Chrysippus and others apparently admitted a small qualification: it could be lost through altered states (inebriation or medicine) or madness {SVF 3.
The surviving sources on the Stoic theory of division reveal that the Stoics, particularly Chrysippus, believed that bodies, places, and times were such that all of their parts themselves had proper parts.
i) Theophrastus' text and quotation; (ii) two paraphrases of Theophrastus' text, one rather free, but containing a reference to Heraclitus, by Pseudo-Alexander/ Pseudo-Aristotle, and another more close to the original, but without such a reference, by Photius; (iii) a number of allusions and reminiscences (Plato, Epicurus, Chrysippus, Plutarch, Marcus Aurelius, Lucian, Themistius, Scholion in Iliad.
10) Rist thinks Origen probably knew the works of Chrysippus on logic at first hand, and suggests that he may even have studied with Stoic teachers during his youth at Alexandria.
So I, for my part, when I learnt that you are wasting your time on such spectacles, not only felt ashamed on your account but was also vexed at your sitting there oblivious of Plato and Chrysippus and Aristotle and getting treated like those who have their ear tickled with a feather.