Chrysomelidae


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Chrysomelidae

[‚kris·ə′mel·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The leaf beetles, a family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Chrysomeloidea.

Chrysomelidae

 

(leaf beetles), a family of small and medium-sized beetles (body length, up to 1 cm). The larvae are elongated and fleshy and often have glandular papillae. Chrysomelids usually live exposed; less frequently they are found in the soil or in plant tissues. There are approximately 40,000 species, of which 1,400 are found in the USSR. The larvae and adults feed primarily on leaves; some bore in stems and roots. Many species damage field, vegetable, and fruit crops, as well as forest trees. The Colorado potato beetle is extremely injurious to the potato. Vegetables are damaged by the beetles Entomoscellus adonidis, Phaedon armoraciae, and Colaphellus. The aspen leaf beetle, the poplar leaf beetle, and Algelastica alni attack aspen, poplar, and green alder trees. The tortoise beetle Cassida nebulosa feeds on beets, and the leaf beetle Lema melanopus damages grain crops. Countermeasures include spraying and dusting with insecticides. Some species of Chrysomelidae are used for the biological control of weeds.

REFERENCES

Opredelitel’ nasekomykh Evropeiskoi chasti SSSR, vol. 2. Edited by G. Ia. Bei-Bienko. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965. Pages 419–74.
Ogloblin, D. A., and L. N. Medvedev. Lichinki zhukov-listoedov (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) Evropeiskoi chasti SSSR. Leningrad, 1971.

O. L. KRYZHANOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
A presenca de besouros desfolhadores da familia Chrysomelidae e as injurias por eles causadas ao eucalipto foram constatadas nos quatro municipios da Zona da Mata vistoriados, e as especies foram determinadas como sendo Costalimaita ferruginea (Fabricius, 1801) ("besouro-amarelo-do-eucalipto"), Agrianes validicornis (Chapuis, 1874) ("besouro-barriga-preta") e Metaxyonycha angusta (Perty, 1832) ("besouro-quatro-pintas"), todas pertencentes a subfamilia Eumolpinae.
Resistencia de genotipos de feijao-caupi [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] ao Ataque do Caruncho Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabr.) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).
A mediano plazo se incrementara la determinacion de las familias que agrupan el mayor numero de morfoespecies conocidas solo a genero o en proceso de determinacion, como Carabidae, Cerambycidae, Chrysomelidae, Curculionidae y Scarabaeidae.
Una especie asiatica de Bruchinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) que se desarrolla en las semillas de Gleditsia triacanthos L.
Hou et al., "Effects of host plants on the developmental duration, feeding and reproduction of the nipa palm hispid, Octodonta nipae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)," Acta Entomologica Sinica, vol.
Host specificity of the leaf beetle, Diorhabda elongata deserticola (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Asia: a biological control agent for saltcedars (Tamarix.
(2006) in a study testing the effect of clove essential oil on Zabrotes subfasciatus (Boheman, 1833) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).
Biological assessment in quarantine of Asecodes hispinarum Boucek (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) as an imported biological control agent of Brontispa longissima (Gestro) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Hainan, China.
Activity of the M-One formulation of a new strain of Bacillus thuringiensis against the Colorado potato beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): relationship between susceptibility and insect life stage.
Of these flea beetles (Aphthona spp.; Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) have been especially successful in reducing spurge populations (Larson and Grace, 2004; Lesica and Hanna, 2004; Butler et al., 2006; Samuel et al., 2008).