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(self-designation, puchuang, pupu, pui, or punung), a people in the People’s Republic of China, mainly in the Kwangsi Chuang Autonomous Region. According to a 1975 estimate, the Chuang number approximately 10 million. Their language is one of the Thai languages. The predominant religion is animism, but Taoism is also widespread.

The Chuang are one of the most ancient peoples of South China; their ancestors created the ancient state of Nanyiieh, which existed from 207 B.C to 111 B.C. The Chuang took part in the Taiping Rebellion of 1850–64. Between 1927 and 1937 they helped establish a number of soviet regions in China in the area between the Tso Chiang and the Yu Chiang. They also aided in the formation of the Seventh and Eighth Red Armies.

For centuries the primary occupation of the Chuang has been farming, especially the cultivation of rice; part of the population, however, is now engaged in heavy industry. The Chuang have their own system of writing; in medieval times it was hieroglyphic, but in 1958 they adopted the Latin alphabet. The Chuang have a rich national literature.


Narody Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
Its, R. F. Etnicheskaia istoriia iuga Vostochnoi Azii. Leningrad, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
During the conference, Chuang is expected to announce a tender for an environmental audit for the country's producing oilfields.
Minister Chuang will announce a tender for oil exploration in South Sudan in 2020 at two strategic conferences this October, it will launch another tender for environmental audit for the country's producing oilfields at the SSOP conference.
Chuang cited the "particular circumstances" of Potts' case that make his success suing the officers more likely than the typical federal civil rights case: the prosecutor's office request that Potts' conviction be vacated, the officers pleading guilty and admitting to planting evidence in some cases, and the U.S.
Since its inception, the centre has taught around 2,000 students in total, said Chuang.
'I went over this match with my coaches, and we came up with a great game plan which worked out perfectly,' said Chuang. 'Thank you for all the fans who supported me, and especially my team who helped me in preparing for this match.'
Despite the seemingly insurmountable odds, Chuang believes that great risks result to greater rewards as she has an opportunity to establish herself as one of the premier strikers on the planet by claiming a victory over a highly-touted Muay Thai practitioner such as Yodcherry.
Chuang Suo-Hang, Vice Chairman of Taiwan External Trade Development Council and his accompanying delegation from Taiwan Green Energy Centre, currently visiting the Sultanate.
According to Taitra vice chairman Dr Suo-Hang Chuang, a delegation comprising Taiwanese companies are in the country to participate in the 'Taiwan Green Energy Solution Providers to Qatar' forum held under the patronage of the Qatari Businessmen Association (QBA), in association with Al Sawari Holding.
Also very highly recommended is the first volume in this unique series from Ejen Chuang, "Cosplay In America: Volume 2" (9780615349060, $74.96, 272pp).
"The brains of depressed adults and depressed adolescents are quite different," study co-author Jie-Yu Chuang told Medical Daily in an email, explaining that more research must be conducted on adult patients to understand if these brain differences are lasting.
Chuang Tzu's Nei P'ien Psychotherapeutic Commentaries: A Wayfaring Counselor's Rendering of the Seven Interior Records