Chubar’, Vlas Iakovlevich
Born Feb. 10 (22), 1891, in the village of Fedorovka (now the village of Chubarovka, Pologi Raion, Zaporozh’e Oblast); died Feb. 26, 1939. Soviet state and party figure. Member of the CPSU from 1907.
The son of a peasant, Chubar’ studied at the Aleksandrovsk School of Mechanical Engineering (now the V. Ia. Chubar’ Zaporozh’e Institute of Machine Building) from 1904 to 1911. He was a veteran of the Revolution of 1905–07. Beginning in 1911 he worked at plants in Kramatorsk, Mariupol’, Moscow, and Petrograd. After the February Revolution of 1917, Chubar’ became chairman of the factory committee at an ordnance plant and later a member of the Central Council of Factory Committees and a deputy to the Petrograd soviet. During the October Revolution of 1917, after serving as commissar of the Military Revolutionary Committee in the Main Artillery Directorate, he was a member of the Council of Workers’ Control.
In 1918 and 1919, Chubar’ was chairman of the board administering machine-building plants (the State Association of Machine Building Plants, or GOMZA) and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Council on the National Economy. Between 1919 and 1922 he served as chairman of the Organizational Bureau for the Restoration of Industry in the Ukraine, as a member of the All-Ukrainian Revolutionary Committee, and as chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council on the National Economy of the Ukraine. He became chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR and deputy chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR in 1923, deputy chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR and of the Council of Labor and Defense in 1934, and people’s commissar of finances of the USSR in 1937.
Chubar’ was a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) of the Ukrainian SSR from 1920 to 1934. He was a delegate to the Eleventh through the Seventeenth Congress of the ACP(B) and was a candidate member of the Central Committee at the Tenth Congress. He became a member of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) in August 1921, a candidate member of the Politburo of the Central Committee in 1926, and a member of the Politburo in 1935. Chubar’ was a member of the All-Russian Central Committee, and the Central Executive Committee of the USSR and its Presidium. He was a deputy to the first convocation of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. Chubar’ was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.
WORKSVybrani statti i promovy. Kiev, 1972.
REFERENCESLenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed. (See Index vol., part 2, p. 484.)
Drobzhiev, V., and N. Dumova. V. Ia. Chubar’ (biographical essay). Moscow, 1963.
Kol’iak, T. M. Zhyttia v borot’bi. Dnepropetrovsk, 1971.