Chudov Monastery


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Chudov Monastery

 

(Monastery of Metropolitan Aleksei and the Archangel Michael), a monastery founded in the Moscow Kremlin circa 1358–65 by Metropolitan Aleksei. Until 1561 the superior of the monastery was considered first among the fathers superior of Russian monasteries. In the late 14th century, the monastery became a major center of Russian culture. From the 15th to the 17th centuries it included a workshop for transcribing manuscripts, where Maksim Grek worked from 1518 to 1525. Under Filaret a Greco-Latin school was opened in the monastery.

In the 1930’s the monastery’s buildings, which had been constructed in the 16th to 19th centuries, were razed. The monastery’s collection of manuscripts from the 11th to 18th centuries is now preserved in the manuscript department of the State Historical Museum.

REFERENCE

Tikhomirov, M. N. Srednevekovaia Moskva v XIV–XV vv. Moscow, 1957.
References in periodicals archive ?
On 24 March 1566, Ivan added a codicil to his 1564 immunity charter to Chudov Monastery Archimandrite Levkii, specifying that its immunities applied to a Vyshegorod District property in the oprichnina.
Ivan allocated hamlets and other properties in Vladimir District to the monastery in place of those donated to the Chudov Monastery by Agaf'ia Ivanova doch' Troparev Rudogo with her mother Ul'iana, widow of Semen Obraztsov, in Vyshgorod District.
Legend also says that monk Isidore, who lived in the Chudov Monastery, inside the Kremlin, made a recipe for Russian vodka around 1430.
During the period of Soviet power, this relationship was broken and the Communists dismantled both the beautiful Chudov Monastery and the Ascension Convent and destroyed the ancient Saint Saviour Cathedral, but as the Soviets, too, fell from power, the Church began to rise once more as a strong influence on government.
The transfer of this character from Chudov Monastery to the Mniszech court has the effect of vastly expanding his sphere of influence.
At least one manuscript of the sermon in question was in the Kremlin's Chudov Monastery collection.
Second, in an act of solidarity remarkable in the academic world, all these scholars--of different generations and working on dissimilar problems using different methods--reach the same conclusion regarding the controversial question of the place and date of origin of the earliest copies of SK They agree that its oldest redaction can be traced to the Chudov Monastery in the Moscow Kremlin; that Metropolitan Makarii played a part in the project, as did his successor, Metropolitan Afanasii (Andrei before his appointment as metropolitan); and that it dates to sometime between the mid-1550s and 1563.