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Chur(ko͞or), Fr. Coire, Romansh Cuera, city (1990 pop. 30,236), capital of Grisons canton, E Switzerland, on the Plessur River. Chur is an important transportation junction near the Rhine Valley. Chur's main industry is tourism, but it is also an important trading center for wines and synthetic ammonia. Chur was capital of the Roman province of Rhaetia. In the 5th cent. it became an episcopal see; the bishops were later made princes of the Holy Roman Empire. The temporal power of the prince-bishops was limited (c.1465) by the townspeople and later, when the Reformation was accepted (1524–26), ended altogether. The modern inhabitants are a mix of Roman Catholic and Protestant. Outstanding buildings are a restored 8th-century church, the Renaissance episcopal palace, the cathedral (begun 12th cent.), and the Rhaetian Museum (of folklore). Most of the inhabitants speak German, but there are Romansh- and Italian-speaking minorities. The Swiss painter Angelica KauffmannKauffmann, Angelica
, 1741–1807, Swiss neoclassical painter and graphic artist. From her youth she was known for her artistic, musical, and linguistic abilities. She went to England, where she enjoyed success as a fashionable portrait painter and decorator.
..... Click the link for more information. was born in Chur.
a city in eastern Switzerland, located at the juncture of the Plessur and Rhine rivers. Administrative center of the canton of Graubünden. Population, 30,000 (1970). Chur produces machinery (including instruments), garments, leather goods, and chocolate and provides transport service for tourists.
an urban-type settlement in Iakshur-Bod’ia Raion, Udmurt ASSR, on the Chur River, a tributary of the Izh River. Chur has a railroad station on the Izhevsk-Igra line, 44 km northwest of Izhevsk. Limestone is quarried and processed in the settlement, and wood products are manufactured. A silicates plant was under construction in 1978.