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Churchill, town, Canada
Churchill, town, NE Manitoba, Canada, a remote port on Hudson Bay at the mouth of the Churchill River. The northern terminus of the Hudson Bay Railway, it shipped grain from the Prairie Provinces in the summer navigation season, but the port has been closed since 2016. As the “polar bear capital of the world,” it is a tourist destination; nearby Wapusk National Park is one of the world's largest polar bear maternity denning sites.
The Hudson's Bay Company established a trading post, later the British stronghold Prince of Wales Fort, nearby in 1717. Captured (1782) by the French under Jean La Pérouse, the fort was returned to the British in 1783; its ruins are preserved in Prince of Wales Fort National Historic Site. The Churhill area also is the site of a former airbase, now an airport, and rocket range.
See J. Knight's journal, The Founding of Churchill, ed. by J. F. Kenney (1932).
Churchill, rivers, Canada
Churchill. 1 River, c.600 mi (970 km) long, issuing as the Ashuanipi River from Ashuanipi Lake, SW Labrador, N.L., Canada, and flowing in an arc north, then southeast through a series of lakes to Churchill Falls and McLean Canyon. It then runs NE past Goose Bay and through Melville Lake and Hamilton Inlet to the Atlantic Ocean near Rigolet. The river has probably the greatest hydroelectric power potential of any river in North America, and Churchill Falls is the site of one of the world's largest hydroelectric power plants. Formerly known as the Hamilton River, it was renamed (1965) in honor of Sir Winston Churchill.
2 River, c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) long, issuing from Methy Lake, NW Sask., Canada, and flowing southeast, east, and northeast across the lowlands of N Saskatchewan and N Manitoba to Hudson Bay at Churchill. It meets the Beaver River, its chief tributary, at Lac Île-à-la-Crosse. Once a fur-trade route, it was explored (1619) by Jens Munck, a Scandinavian sent by Christian IV, king of Denmark and Norway, to search for the Northwest Passage. In 1717 the Hudson's Bay Company established a trading post at the river's mouth. Exploration of the upper reaches of the river was carried on by the Frobishers, Peter Pond, and Alexander Henry, all of the North West Company. A hydroelectric station on the upper river supplies power for Manitoba mining operations.
See S. F. Olson, The Lonely Land (1961).
a city in Canada, in northeastern Manitoba. Population, 1.6 million (1971). A seaport on the western shore of Hudson Bay, at the mouth of the Churchill River, Churchill is the terminus of a railroad branch line. It has a grain elevator and is a grain-shipping point. The city was founded in 1688.
(until 1965, Hamilton), a river in Canada, on the Labrador Peninsula. The Churchill River drains a large group of lakes in central Labrador. It empties into Lake Melville, which is linked by a channel with Hamilton Inlet of the Atlantic Ocean. The Churchill is 560 km long and drains an area of 80,000 sq km. Waterfalls include Churchill Falls and Muskrat Falls; among the river’s rapids are the Mouni. The mean flow rate is 1,558 cu m per sec. There are several hydroelectric plants on the river.
a river in Canada. The Churchill River flows out of Methy Lake in Saskatchewan and empties into Hudson Bay. The river is 1,600 km long and drains an area of 282,000 sq km. Its course consists of a chain of lakes separated by rapids. The many large lakes in the Churchill system, such as Reindeer Lake, Northern Indian Lake, Southern Indian Lake, and Lac La Ronge, cause the flow to be well regulated. The Beaver River is a large right tributary of the Churchill. The Churchill River is fed by snow and rain, and high water occurs in spring and summer. The mean flow rate is 1,200 cu m per second. The river freezes over for about eight months. A hydroelectric plant is located on the Churchill River at Island Falls, and the port of Churchill is situated at the river’s mouth.