Churchill Falls

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Churchill Falls,

waterfalls of the upper Churchill River, 245 ft (75 m) high, SW Labrador, N.L., Canada; known as Grand Falls until renamed (1965) in honor of Sir Winston Churchill. The falls were first explored (1839) by John McLean, a trader of the Hudson Bay Company. Four miles (6.4 km) above the falls, the Churchill River narrows to 200 ft (61 m) and negotiates a series of rapids before dropping into McLean Canyon, from which sheer cliffs rise several hundred feet on either side. The river flows 12 mi (19 km) through the canyon over a series of rapids. The total drop from the rapids above the main falls to the end of McLean Canyon is 1,038 ft (316 m). Because of their isolated location and harsh surroundings, the falls never became a tourist attraction. The construction of Churchill Falls Generating Station (opened 1974), which has one of the largest hydroelectricity-generating capacities (5,428 MW) in the world, and its reservoir greatly diminished the once spectacular waterfalls. It was completed in 1974 and most of the power is sent to the Montreal vicinity.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Churchill Falls


(until 1965, Grand Falls), a waterfall in the upper course of the Churchill River in Canada, on the Labrador Peninsula. Churchill Falls is formed by the river’s crossing of the precipitous edge of a plateau. The falls have a drop of about 75 m. A hydroelectric plant with a total installed capacity of 2.5 megawatts has been built at Churchill Falls.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet one need only look as far as the Supreme Court of Canada's recent decision in Churchill Falls (Labrador) Corp v Hydro-Quebec (39) to see that the topic has taken on new life and has raised new questions regarding its role in a modern theory of contracts.
Likewise, the handling of the Churchill Falls (Upper and Lower) file dating back to the Smallwood years would provide a fascinating case study of how successive administrations adopted resource nationalist policies on managing this sensitive resource.
Best place to be snow-stranded: Churchill Falls, where the hotel is under the same roof with library, school, bank, restaurant, post office, curling rink, theatre, pool, and grocery store.
And the group from Churchill Falls was late since their car ran off a particularly icy stretch of the Labrador Highway and had to be towed out of a ditch.
In 1967, the Churchill River in Labrador was dammed to create hydro-electric power at the massive Churchill Falls power plant.
"There's frustration over Voisey's Bay and Davis Inlet and Churchill Falls and the Innu being shut out of decisions for years.
In common with others of his generation, Montague worked on many important initiatives in Labrador, including the DEW Line system, road construction, geological surveys, prospecting, the cable car at Northwest River, and the Churchill Falls hydroelectric project.
One of the Innu's first experiences with industrial development was the Churchill Falls power project in the early 1970s that proceeded to drown forever a portion of their hunting grounds, trap lines and ancestral burial sites without any consultation or negotiation with the Innu.
He has participated in large-scale projects such as the massive Churchill Falls underground hydro development in Labrador as well as the set up and sinking of Inco's Creighton Mine No.
The controversy over the Churchill Falls power development in Labrador promises to last longer than the Hundred Years War, but the Innu Nation wants to be a part of it.