However, when he learnt that the museum possessed a churinga connected to the land claim, he came to the conclusion that if he could prove his ownership of the object, the land claim decision might be overturned in his favour.
In August 2004, I conveyed these churingas back to their owners in Central Australia.
came in, he thought, `to express the spiritual part of the alcheringa animal or man, the meaning of the term I take to be sacred--in the sense that the sacramental wafer is sacred to the Roman Catholic.' And later: `Sacred Churinga
does not please me but I can offer no substitute for the word sacred'.
As technologies, the ticker and the chart do not just render a "market" visible--they are material objects that constitute or make markets: in embodying and representing the market they are market churinga
. According to Preda (2009: 169): "technical analysis is different from particular transactions, yet intrinsic to market action.
Although it is unknown whether Sambo requested the ceremonial photographs spontaneously or took up an offer of the prints, it would seem likely that it was his idea to place the photographs in the churinga
Spencer and Gillen recorded that churinga
ilkinia (atywerrenge-designs) consisted of a number of designs that were the property of the local totemic clan.
Though Gillen's knowledge of the marriage system and churinga led him beyond the issues of primitive promiscuity and totemic cannibalism as they had been posed by Baldwin Spencer, Gillen still failed to formulate alternative anthropological or historical questions to these spurious evolutionary ones.
Roheim proposed that Aranda ontology was articulated through an ontogeny and with this proposal was able to reveal the consistencies between practised rite and churinga of various types including stones, wooden boards, sand painting, head dress and body designs, not to mention man-land relations themselves.
Furthermore, Sunfly himself, the `rainman' and `lawman', and Cowan's guide along the Dreaming paths, someone as `precious as a churinga
board', decides to stay too so that he can look after his tribal and personal country.
Tindale here repeats an association commented upon earlier by Spencer & Gillen (1904) when they state that 'churinga
(sic) is the dwelling place of the spirit of the Alcheringa ancestors' (ibid.:138).
A recurring example of sacred ritual objects in The Forms are churingas
. These objects have the totemic mark of the group and great care is taken to look after them (118).