Chigirin

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Chigirin

(chĭgĭrēn`), Ukr. Chyhyryn, city, central Ukraine, on the Tyasmin River, a tributary of the Dnieper. Founded in 1589 as a fortress, Chigirin served as the residence of the hetman of Ukraine from 1649 (when it was so designated by the Treaty of Zborov between Hetman Bohdan ChmielnickiChmielnicki, Khmelnytskyy or Khmelnitsky, Bohdan
, c.1595–1657, hetman (leader) of Ukraine. An educated member of the Ukrainian gentry, he early joined the Ukrainian Cossacks.
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 and the Polish king) until 1687. It was thus the capital of right-bank UkraineUkraine
, Ukr. Ukraina, republic (2005 est. pop. 47,425,000), 232,046 sq mi (601,000 sq km), E Europe. It borders on Poland in the northwest; on Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova in the southwest; on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov in the south; on Russia in the
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. The city passed to Russia in 1795.

Chigirin

 

a city and administrative center of Chigirin Raion, Cherkassy Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. Chigirin is situated on the Tiasmin River, a tributary of the Dnieper, 36 km from the railroad station of Fundukleevka on the Znamenka-Imeni Tarasa Shevchenko line, and 63 km southeast of Cherkass. It has enterprises for the production of leather clothing accessories, furs, furniture, accessories, bricks, and foodstuffs. The city has a museum of local lore.

Chigirin has been known since the first half of the 16th century, when it was a fortified cossack wintering site. From 1648 to 1657 it was the seat of the Ukrainian hetman B. Khmel’nitskii. Chigirin was destroyed by Turkish and Tatar invaders during the Chigirin Campaigns of 1677–78. In 1795 it became a district capital in Voznesensk Province, and in 1797, a district capital in Kiev Province. In 1876–77 Chigirin District was the scene of an attempted peasant uprising under the leadership of the Narodniki (Populists).

References in periodicals archive ?
The latest installment of the third edition of the Encyclopedia contains entries such as the Alexandria school of philosophy and medicine, Ottoman poet and administrator Tacizade Cafter Ielebi, cartography, Chaldean Christians, the Chyhyryn campaign against Ukrainian Cossacks, the Egyptian Sufi order Faydiyya, Lebanese poet and journalist Unse al-Hajj (1937-2014), qazel love poems in Azerbaijani literature, pre-Islamic Arabian prophet Hanzala b.
In April 1657, Bohdan Khmelnytskyi summoned his chief commanders and administrators to his capital city of Chyhyryn, where he persuaded them to elect his only surviving son, Yurii, upon his death.
Not only the hetman in Chyhyryn, but other European rulers pondered the establishment of the "Khmelnytskyi dynasty" as sovereign rulers of the Hetmanate, as incontrovertibly shown by instructions from King Charles X Gustav (1622-60) of Sweden to his ambassador, Gotthard Veiling, of 26 September 1656.
Sometime between 15 and 21 April 1657, Khmelnytskyi summoned colonels and other ranking Cossack officers and officials for an "officers' council" to Chyhyryn.
These sources also point at various caveats in this arrangement, which could potentially overturn the April decision made in Chyhyryn.
The third period started with the 1677-81 Russo-Ottoman war over Chyhyryn, and witnessed several further wars between the empires (1686-1700, 1710-11, 1735-39, 1768-74, 1787-91).
47) In August 1677, a huge Turkish-Tatar army besieged Chyhyryn with the purpose of returning this capital of Ukrainian Cossack hetmans to Khmel'nyts'kyi.
Bohdan Khmelnitsky's revolt of 1648, therefore, was an attempt to define and create an independent state grouped around the Cossack lands and the Kyivan metropolis, an uneasy alliance, as Plokhy demonstrates in a section entitled "the two capitals" (the Cossack headquarters at Chyhyryn and the bishop's see at Kyiv).
During the Chyhyryn campaigns of the First Russo-Turkish War in 1678-81, Muscovy was able to put large numbers of soldaty (new formation infantry regiments) and reitary (new formation cavalry regiments) into the field.
15) Those orations must have been originally delivered by Radyvilovs'kyi to his audience during the time when the actual political events were taking place to which they refer, representing a response to the Turkish assaults on the Cossack capital of Chyhyryn in 1677 and 1678.
As the vassal of the Turkish sultan, Bohdan Khmel'nyts'kyi's son participated in two Ottoman attacks on the Cossack-and-Muscovite-defended fortress of Chyhyryn, the capital of Western-Ukrainian Cossack hetmans (1677-1678).
On 4 December 1678 (after Chyhyryn had been sacked by the Turks), one of the most eloquent members of the Ukrainian Orthodox clergy of that time, Archimandrite Ioanikii Galiatovs'kyi of Chernihiv's Ielets' Monastery, wrote a private letter-homily to Yurii Khmel'nyts'kyi, urging him to sever his alliance with the Turks and to return to the monastery as the monk he once was.